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CSCI340 Jakob Ch1

LU CSCI340 Jakobsson text Ch 1

TermDefinition
crimeware software that performs illegal actions unanticipated by a user running the software; these actions are intended to yield financial benefits to the distributor of the software
phishing Online identity theft, in which confidential information is illicitly obtained through a computer network and used for profit
click fraud online advertisers are cheated into paying criminals who simulate clicks on advertisements they host themselves
ransomware data on a compromised machine is encrypted, and the criminal then offers to decrypt the data for a fee
browser helper object can detect changes to the URL and log information when a URL is affiliated with a designated credential collection site
hooking An application-level software package used to intercept keystroke data
device driver A kernel-level form of software that can store keyboard and mouse inputs in conjunction with monitoring the user’s activities.
screenscraper monitors both the user’s inputs and portions of the display. can thwart alternate on-screen input security measures.
scancode a numeric representation of the key that the user pressed
DNS cache stored on the user’s local machine and keeps track of responses provided by DNS servers
trawler phishing A web proxy attack, in which a malicious web proxy receives all web traffic from a compromised computer and relays it to a legitimate site, collecting credentials and other confidential information in the process.
session hijacking attack information is received from a user and passed through to the legitimate site until the desired authentication and/ or transaction initiation has been performed, whereupon the session is hijacked.
hostname lookup (pharming) attack a website at the correct hostname, but incorrect IP address, relays data between the user and legitimate site, to provide verisimilitude and delay detection.
staged downloaders/modular malicious code Crimeware instances employing a two-stage approach
backdoor opens up a means for remote control of the victim’s computer, usually via a TCP/IP port on which it listens for commands, either manually sent or sent en masse to a botnet
Created by: 1607686264