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Literary Terms 10

assonance the repetition of vowel sounds
ballad a narrative poem that is sung
personification giving human qualities to animals or objects
mood the 'feeling' imparted by a poem or short story
dialogue two characters talking to each other
round character a character that has many sides to his or her personality
simile a comparison using like or as
situational irony a contrast between what happens and what is expected to happen
static character a character who does not change in the story
symbol something that represents something else (ex. an eagle, a cross)
theme the main idea or message of a story
tone the author's attitude toward the story or poem
flashback scenes which represent events that happened before the start of the story
flat character a character with only one obvious personality trait
foreshadowing a hint given about events to come
hyperbole an exaggeration
verbal irony a difference between what is said and what is meant
alliteration the close repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
antagonist has a relationship of conflict with the main character
climax the turning point in a story; usually resolves the conflict
conflict the struggle or problem in the story
connotation the meaning of a word that is implied or understood
denotation the dictionary definition of a word
dramatic irony when the reader knows more than the characters in the story
dynamic character a character who changes and develops throughout the story
extended metaphor a metaphor that carries throughout a poem or story
external conflict human vs. human, human vs. nature, human vs. machine, etc.
internal conflict human vs. himself/ herself
imagery words that form pictures in the reader's mind
metaphor a comparison of two unlike things without using like or as
allusion a reference to a person, event, place, or literary work (ex. the Bible, a Shakespearean play, a historical event)
rhyme scheme the rhyming pattern of a poem
characterization how an author develops a character's personality
direct characterization when an author tells us directly about a character's personality, appearance, etc.
indirect characterization when an author implies information about a character's personality, appearance, etc.
idiom an expression that means something different than what it says (ex. a piece of cake)
falling action follows the climax, leads to the end of the story
rising action the events of a story leading to the climax
setting the time and place of a story
plot the events of a story
onomatopoeia words that sound like what they mean
hyperbole an exaggeration
genre the type of novel or story
stanza a group of lines in a poem
symbolism a symbolic meaning or representation
Created by: kford



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