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Network Security

Chapter1

TermDefinition
accounting The ability that provides tracking of events.
asset An item that has value.
authorization The act of ensuring that an individual or element is genuine.
authentication The steps that ensure that the individual is who they claim to be.
availability Security actions that ensure that data is accessible to authorized users.
California’s Database Security Breach Notification Act The first state law that covers any state agency, person, or company that does business in California.
confidentiality Security actions that ensure only authorized parties can view the information.
cybercrime Targeted attacks against financial networks, unauthorized access to information, and the theft of personal information.
cybercriminals A network of attackers, identity thieves, spammers, and financial fraudsters.
cyberterrorism A premeditated, politically motivated attack against information, computer systems, computer programs, and data that results in violence.
cyberterrorists Attackers whose motivation may be defined as ideology, or attacking for the sake of their principles or beliefs.
exploiting The act of taking advantage of a vulnerability.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) A law that requires banks and financial institutions to alert customers of their policies and practices in disclosing customer information.
hacker A term used to refer to a person who uses advanced computer skills to attack computers
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) A law designed to guard protected health information and implement policies and procedures to safeguard it.
identity theft Stealing another person’s personal information, such as a Social Security number, and then using the information to impersonate the victim, generally for financial gain.
information security The tasks of securing information that is in a digital format.
integrity Security actions that ensure that the information is correct and no unauthorized person or malicious software has altered the data.
risk The likelihood that a threat agent will exploit the vulnerability.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Sarbox) A law designed to fight corporate corruption.
script kiddies Individuals who want to break into computers to create damage, yet lack the advanced knowledge of computers and networks needed to do so.
spy A person who has been hired to break into a computer and steal information.
threat A type of action that has the potential to cause harm.
threat agent A person or element that has the power to carry out a threat.
vulnerability A flaw or weakness that allows a threat agent to bypass security.
Created by: 1155127622