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Respiratory system

anatomy

QuestionAnswer
a sheet of tendon that the muscles of the front of the abdomen are attached to one another and the skeleton Abdominal aponeurosis
The abrupt change in curvature of the external surface of a rib where the rib is bent in two directions and twisted along its axis Angle of the rib
the anterior projection from the transverse process of the cervical vertebrae Anterior tubercles
a surface where two anatomical structures (usually bones) meet Articular facets
of a vertebra, two superior and two inferior, spring from the junctions of the pedicles and laminæ Articular process
the topmost (first) cervical vertebra of the spine Atlas
the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head Axis
a cartilaginous ridge within the trachea that runs anteroposteriorly between the two primary bronchi at the site of the tracheal bifurcation at the lower end of the trachea (usually at the level of the 4th to 5th thoracic vertebrae). Carina
a thin but strong aponeurosis situated near the center of the vault formed by the muscle Central tendon
a small finger-like structure on the upper lateral corner of the scapula Coracoid process
Latin for body Corpus
a groove between the ridge of the internal surface of the rib and the inferior border Costal groove
a portion of the parietal pleura which lines the inner surfaces of the ribs and Intercostales Costal pleura
Latin for leg Crus
A natual opening Foramen
An opening in the right lobe of the central tendon of the diaphragm, transmitting the inferior vena cava and branches of the right phrenic nerve Foramen vena cava
the concavity in the head of the scapula that receives the head of the humerus to form the shoulder joint Glenoid fossa
a natual fissure in a stucture; such as the esophageal hiatus Hiatus
The uppermost and widest of the three bones constituting either of the lateral halves of the pelvis Ilium
the superior border of the wing of ilium Iliac crest
space between two pleuro or membranes in the lung Intrapleural space
The two layers of membrane that combine to form a single membrane between the tracheal rings Intratracheal membrane
a swollen part or broadening of the bone in the frontal portion of the ischium Ischial tuberosity
the lower and back part of the hip bone Ischium
two broad plates directed backward and medially from the pedicles, they fuse in the middle line posteriorly, and so complete the posterior boundary of the vertebral foramen Lamina
a fibrous structure that runs down the midline of the abdomen Linea alba
a deep investing membrane which covers the deep muscles of the back of the trunk Lumbodorsal fascia
the broad, upper part of the sternum Manubrium
A small, toothlike, upward projection from the second vertebra of the neck around which the first vertebra rotates Odontoid process
the set of bones which connect the upper limb to the axial skeleton on each side Pectoral girdle
the segment between the transverse process and the vertebral body Pedicle
the irregular bony structure located at the base of the spine Pelvic girdle
the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart Pericardium
a posterior projection from the transverse processes Posterior tubercles
Pubic symphysis
Spinous process
Sternal angle
Part of the cervical vertebrae, giving passage to nerves, artery, and vein Transverse foramen
Part of the vertebra, projects from either side where the lamina joins the pedicle Transverse process
Ribs numbered 11, 12; also known as floating ribs Vertral Ribs
Ribs numbered 8, 9, and 10; also known as false ribs Vertebrochondral Ribs
Ribs numbered 1 - 7; also known as true ribs Vertebrosternal Ribs
The pleural membrane that covers the lungs Visceral Pleura
A small cartilaginous extention to the lower part of the sternum Xiphoid Process
Created by: tjdelight