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Circulatory System

Test Review for Physiology

QuestionAnswer
What is a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise? contusion
What is an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall? aneurysm
What is a medical condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced, causing the sufferer to bleed severely from even a slight injury? hemophilia
What is the puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood? phlebotomy
What is hereditary form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape at low oxygen levels? sickle cell
A heart attach. myocardial infarction
The artery carrying blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for oxygenation. Pulmonary artery
A vein carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. Pulmonary
To examine (a part of the body) by touch, especially for medical purposes. Origin Palpate
the action of listening to sounds from the heart, lungs, or other organs, typically with a stethoscope, as a part of medical diagnosis Ausculate
The genetic term that refers to a pair of genes where one is dominant and one is recessive — they're different. Heterozygous
The genetic term having identical pairs of genes for any given pair of hereditary characteristics. Homozygous
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene found at the same place on a chromosome. alleles
blood vessel that have valves Veins
blood vessel that carries blood from the heart Arteries
Blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart. Veins
the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of genes. phenotype
the genetic constitution of an individual organism. genotype
abnormally high blood pressure. hypertension
an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, hemorrhage
red blood cells Erythrocytes
white blood cells Leukocytes
to form a clot. Coagulation
the muscular tissue of the heart. Myocardium
clumping of red blood cells Agglutination
the pacemaker of the heart Sinoatrial node
an abnormally rapid heart rate. Tachycardia
the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteries. Systole
the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle relaxes and allows the chambers to fill with blood Diastole
an antigen occurring on the red blood cells that are describe as either being positive or negative. Rh factor
a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood Hemoglobin
Any of various inherited traits found on the surface of red blood cells that determine a blood grouping Antigen
a very small vein, especially one collecting blood from the capillaries. venules
a small branch of an artery leading into capillaries arterioles
any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules. capillary
smallest blood vessel where oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients can be exchanged between the blood and body tissue. capillary
largest blood vessel of the human body aorta
a large vein carrying deoxygenated blood from the lower part of the body back into the heart inferior vena cava
a large vein carrying deoxygenated blood from the upper area of the body back into the heart. superior vena cava
Artery that is gennerally used to a take a pulse at the wrist radial artery
measures the electrical activity of your heart. electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
partition separating the two ventricle chambers interventricular septum
the production of blood cells and platelets, which occurs in the bone marrow Hematopoiesis
location of the production of blood cells bone marrow
Universal donor O negative
Universal recipient AB positive
blood clotting cells platelets
valve with three cusps; situated between the right atrium and the right ventricle Tricuspid valve
mitral valve: valve with two cusps; situated between the left atrium and the left ventricle bicuspid valve
the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens Type O blood
the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens Type AB blood
upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the pulmonary veins left atrium
upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the venae cavae vessels right atrium
abnormally slow heartbeat Bradycardia
Heterozygous Type B blood BO
Homozygous Type A blood AA
Homozygous Type O blood OO
Codominant Blood Type AB
a bone marrow cell responsible for the production of blood thrombocytes (platelets) Megakaryocytes
an instrument for measuring blood pressure Sphygmomanometer
a medical instrument for listening to the action of someone's heart or breathing stethoscope
A condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness Anemia
a semi-lunar valve between the left ventricle and the aorta; prevents blood from flowing from the aorta back into the heart Aortic
a semi-lunar valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery; prevents blood from flowing from the artery back into the heart pulmonary
mass of specialized tissue located at the junction between the two upper chambers of the heart (atria) and the lower two chambers (ventricles) AV node
a diagram that is used to predict an outcome of a particular cross or breeding experiment. punnett square
a table, listing and explaining the symbols used in genetic crossing. legend
the scientific study of plasma serum and other bodily fluids serology
120 over 80 normal blood pressure
average heart rate 70 beats per minute
normal body temperature 98.6 degrees
the sound of a heart beat lub dub
Heterozygous type A blood AO
Recessive blood type O
Homozygous type B blood BB
A- blood can receive blood from what other blood types A- and O-
The father of genetics Gregor Mendel
A colorless cell that circulates in the blood and body fluids and is involved in counteracting foreign substances and disease. leukocytes
The muscular tissue of the heart myocardium
The bundle of HIS AV bundle
Lower chamber of heart that receives venous blood from the right atrium and pumps it into the pulmonary trunk. right ventricle
Lower chamber of heart that receives venous blood from the left atrium and pumps it into the aorta. left ventricle
Created by: osucowboyup