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Network Fundamentals

Lesson Six - MTA Exam 98-366

TermDefinition
Acknowledge When the DHCP server sends a final unicast to the client that includes the IP information the client will use.
APIPA Short for Automatic Private IP Address, this is a private range of addresses automatically assigned by a host that cannot connect to a DHCP server.
authentication header (AH) An IPSec component that provides connectionless integrity and the authentication of data. It also provides protection versus replay attacks.
Discovery A step in DORA when a client computer broadcasts out to the network in order to find a DHCP server.
domain name system (DNS) A worldwide service that resolves host names to IP addresses.
DORA Short for Discovery, Offering, Request and Acknowledge, this is the four-step process used with DHCP.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) A protocol that allows properly configured client computers to obtain IP addresses automatically from a DHCP server.
encapsulating security payload (ESP) An IPSec component that provides the same services as AH but also provides confidentiality when sending data.
IP forwarding LAN routing that bridges the gap between the two network adapters even if they are on two different IP networks.
Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) A protocol within the TCP/IP suite that encrypts and authenticates IP packets.
Offering When the DHCP server sends out a unicast “offering” of an IP address to the client computer.
Remote Access Service (RAS) A grouping of different hardware and software platforms to allow remote access to another computer or network device.
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) The protocol used when you use the Remote Desktop Connections program to connect to a computer.
Remote Desktop Services A type of thin-client terminal server computing. It allows client computers to access and use applications loaded on the server, as well as to connect to and take control of a server. It was previously known as Terminal Services.
Request In DHCP, when the client broadcasts to all servers that it has accepted the offer.
Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) A network service in Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2000. It permits an administrator to configure dial-up remote access servers, VPN servers, and IP routing, as well as NAT.
security association (SA) The IPSec component that generates the encryption and authentication keys that are used by IPsec.
Terminal Services A type of thin-client terminal server computing. It allows client computers to access and use applications loaded on the server, as well as to connect to and take control of a server.
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) A service that resolves NetBIOS names to IP addresses.
Created by: ctrader