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psychology

review for tset

TermDefinition
Experimental Psychologist Psychologist who experiment and try to advance the body of knowledge of the science of Psychology
Clinical or counseling psychologist The largest area of specialization in Psychology. The area where about one half of all Psychologist work.
Unconscious desires Desires that Freud said controlled our conscious behavior.
Behaviorism A area of Psychology that is based on observable, measurable behavior. B.F. Skinner was a leader in this field.
Naturalistic observation Watching behavior in real life natural setting with laboratory controls.
Case studies A study based on intensive analysis of a single or a few individuals.
Condition response A response to a stimulus(such as ringing a bell) that a dog can be conditioned to do.
Dendrites Short fibers which extend from a neuron that allows it to receive messages from other nerve cells.
Axon The portion of a neuron that carries messages to another neuron or a muscle.
Myelin sheath The fatty covering that surrounds and insulates a axon.
Cell membrane The outer layer of a neuron that all fluids or organisms must pass through to enter the cell.
neurotransmitters Chemicals that are released by the synaptic vesicles travel across the synaptic space to another neuron.
Dopamine A neurotransmitter that is know to be involved in Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia.
Pupil The part of the eye that controls the amount of light that enters the eye.
Lens The part of the eye that to allow adjustment to see objects at different distances.
Circadian rhythm Our natural sleeping-waking cycle.
Stage 1 sleep The stage of sleep where the pulse slows, the muscles begin to relax and there are low-amplitude brain waves.
Stage 2 sleep The stage of sleep when sleep spindles begin to appear.
Stage 4 sleep The stage of sleep when very slow delta waves are common.
REM Rapid Eye Movement
Psychoactive drugs Any chemical substances that change moods and perceptions.
Alcohol The most frequently used drug in Western society
Depressant drugs like alcohol, barbiturates and opiates the depress the central nervous system.
Rehearsal A common way of transferring information from short to long term memory.
Episodic memory Memories of the events of your live
semantic memory the part of your memory that is most like an encyclopedia or a dictionary
Emotional memory your learned emotional responses to various situations. Such as fear of spiders.
Eidetic memory The ability to remember as if you are looking at a photograph
Intelligence test First designed by Alfred Binet to help identify low performing students
Emotion the experience of feeling
Homeostasis the state of balance for the bodies systems.
The primary drives Thirst, hunger, and sex
Cohort Any of a group of people that are born in the same specific time period.
Longitudinal study A type of study that requires a long time to gather useable data
Conforming to existing social order Societies way of judging mental health.
Early asylums Places much like prisons where the insane could be define
Depression The most common mood disorder. When some feels extremely low and listless.
Mania A mood disorder where someone is extremely energetic. The opposite of depression.
Panic disorder A feeling of intense,paralyzing fear of an object or person when there is no real danger.
Dissociative identity disorder A feeling of being separated in different personality
Psychoanalysis A theory of treatment for the mental ill developed by Freud
Oral,anal,phallic,latency, genital Freud's psychosexual stages.
Persona A term developed by Jung that describes the only part of our personality that we show to the out side world.
Inferiority According to Adler the driving force in shaping our personality.
Created by: paul.beucler