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Industrial Relations

Terms and Definitons JC Business Studies

Industrial Relations The relationship that exists between employers and their employees in the workplace.
Trade Union An organisation of employees whose aims are to protect jobs and improve the pay and conditions of their members.
Craft Union Members have a particular craft, trade or skill e.g. electrician (TEEU).
Industrial Union Members all work in the same industry e.g. banking sector (IBOA).
General Union Members come from many different industries and thus the unions are very large (SIPTU).
Professional Union Members have a professional qualification, also known as 'white-collar' e.g. teachers (ASTI).
Shop Steward Person elected by members of the trade union to represent them in the workplace.
Irish Congress of Trade Unions - ICTU The governing body for trade unions in Ireland.
Demarcation dispute An employee is asked to do the job of another employee.
Official strike (all-out strike) Members vote to go on strike and if the majority says yes, seek the support of ICTU and give employers one week's notice.
Unofficial strike Employees go on strike without taken a vote or without the agreement of their own trade union or ICTU.
Sympathetic strike Employees who don't have a problem with their employer go on strike in support of their colleagues who do have a problem.
Lightning strike Employees call a strike suddenly and walk out of work without holding a vote or informing their employer.
Work to rule (go-slow) Employees come to work but only do the minimum work, won't work overtime or perform certain tasks.
Labour Relations Commission Set up by the government to help solve trade disputes.
Conciliation Bringing two sides of a dispute together to discuss the problem and try reach a solution that both sides accept.
Labour Court Investigates and decides how trade disputes should be solve
Arbitration An independent person e.g. Labour Court, listens to both sides of a dispute and makes a decision about how the dispute should be solved.
Equality Officer Investigate disputes where an employee is complaining of being unfairly treated at work.
Rights Commissioner Investigates a dispute that involves only one employee in a firm.
Irish Business and Employers Confederation (IBEC) Organisation that represents employers and gives them advice and information.
Unfair dismissal An employee is dismissed because of their religious or political beliefs, race or colour etc.
Created by: mslynam