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Minnesota Industries

Subsistence Farming the practice of producing enough food to feed one's own family, but not enough to sell at a market
Homestead Act 1862 law that provided up to 160 acres of land to settlers who would live on it and farm it for 5 years
Land Speculator someone who buys and sells land, hoping to make a profit, often at great financial risk
Market an area of economic activity in which people buy and sell goods or services. Markets are where prices are determined
Diversified Farming the practice of producing a variety of crops and livestock on one farm
Grange nationwide organization for farmers that supports their economic well being and their political interests
Cooperative an organization formed to help its members sell or buy products as a large group in order to get better prices
Regulate control or adjust something in order to change how it works
prairie Tall grass area that is home to flowers, insects, and animals who were uniquely adapted to its environment
What did the railroads do for the town? The train brought in the lumber to build the town and the goods to stock it. It took the wheat the farmers grew to market in Minneapolis, leaving them with cash.
What was the Prairie Schooner? A newspaper
What did people do in the winter when they couldn't farm? Worked elsewhere
What did the farmer do during the spring? Planted seeds
What did the farm children do? Plant potatoes, drop corn, etc and they have our cows to watch, pick up buffalo bones
What did the wives of the farmers do to help? Made breakfast, skimmed milk, churned, wash, bake, iron, wash dishes, make beds, sweep
What is a reaper? A machine that cut the wheat and gathered it into bunches to be bound and threshed
What happened after the harvest? They stored it in grain elevators, used railroads to get it to market, and sold it to Minneapolis's flour mills.
How did farming change in the 1870s? When wheat was wanted by the milling industry, farmers used fields for growing wheat and only had small gardens for themselves and bought things they once had made or never needed.
Created by: wiltsb