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Computer Skill Vocab

6th HRST Technologhy Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Active Cells The thick-bordered cell where you can enter numbers or formulas in a spreadsheet.
Alignment How your text conforms to the left and right margins of a page. The text can be right-aligned, centered, left- aligned, or fully aligned/justified.
AND A way to search for information using the words AND, OR and NOT. Boolean logic was created by English mathematician George Boole 150 years ago.
Animated Clip Art A moving clip art graphic.
Anti-Virus An application designed to search for viruses and repair files on a computer.
Application Program or Software
Application/ Software Programs that allow to you accomplish certain tasks such as write letters, analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.
Arrow Keys The keys on computer keyboard used to move the cursor up, down, left, or right on your screen.
Ascending Order chronological order.
AUP- Acceptable Use Policy A set of rules and guidelines that are set up to regulate Internet use and to protect the user.
Axis A feature of a chart, on which you can plot numbers. The horizontal line is called the X-axis, and the vertical line is called the Y-axis.
Bar Graph One type of graph developed from spreadsheet data that uses parallel bars to compare data and changes in data over time.
Bold A style of text that makes a letter or word darker and thicker to stand out in a document.
Button A little box on your screen that you click on with your mouse to accomplish a task. Most buttons contain small pictures (icons) that display what they do, such as a small printer that can be clicked on to print a document.
Button Bar A horizontal strip of buttons near the top of a window. It provides shortcuts for commonly used commands. Some programs let you choose to hide or display the button bar, and mix and match buttons to customize a button bar. Also known as a toolbar.
Buttons, multimedia A "hotspot" used in multimedia applications to navigate from one place to another or to activate elements (e.g., sound, movies, animation).
calculate The working of mathematical equations. Formulas that are usually used in spreadsheets allow the computer to automatically perform calculations.
cell The space at the intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet.
chart A way to present information from a spreadsheet in the form of graphs or tables.
cirlce graph A picture showing the relationship of two or more sets of data using a circler.
clip art Drawings you can add to your documents or presentations. Clip art includes items such as cartoons, maps, symbols, and flags. Some software packages include clip art. Clip art can be purchased separately.
column The vertical divisions in a spreadsheet that are named with an alphabetical letter.
copy To make an exact copy of information in your document, so you can place in order to duplicate it in a new location.
CPU (Central Processing Unit) The main chip that allows computers to do millions of calculations per second and makes it possible for users to write letters and balance your checkbook.
Credits To give reference to the creator and source of the information used in a presentation.
Cursor This is where the action is located on your screen, represented by a flashing line. When you type on your keyboard, the information appears at the cursor.
Database Software application that helps manage large collections of information. A simple database might be a single file containing many records, with the same set of fields. Data can be sorted and searched by one or more criteria.
Delete A key used to erase characters.
Descending Order Organizing or sorting information in order from largest to smallest, Z-A or 9-1.
Desktop The background on the windows, menus, and dialog boxes on a PC. It is supposed to represent a desk.
Desktop Publishing Using features of word processing/DTP software to format and produce documents, letters, reports, flyers, and newsletters with graphics.
Domain The part of an Internet address that identifies where a person's account is located. For example, in the address support@studyisland.com the domain is everything after the @.
Email Sending and receiving messages through a computer network. This process requires a computer, modem or network connection, and an email address. It is convenient because all messages are sent and received immediately over short or long distances.
Edit To make changes in a document or presentation.
Enter/Return The key used to begin a new line in a word processor, or to enter information into a spreadsheet. It is the same as clicking OK in a dialog box.
Entry Bar The field where information is entered in a spreadsheet.
Field A place in a database record where a category of information can be entered or located.
File A set of realted records in a database.
Firewall Technology that prevents users from visiting inappropriate Web sites, and protects the network from unauthorized users.
Font The shape and style of text.
Format To set the margins, tabs, font or line spacing in layout of a document.
Freeware Software written and then donated to the public, so anyone is free to copy it and share it with their friends. This is not the same as shareware or commercial software, which is supposed to be paid for.
GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) A file format for pictures, photographs, and drawings that are compressed so that they can be sent across telephone lines quickly. Format widely used on electronic bulletin boards
Graph A picture shows the relationship of one or more sets of numbers to each other. Some graph types are line, bar, area, and pie graphs.
Graphic Images/pictures created, edited, and/or published using a computer.
Hacker An unauthorized person who secretly gains access to computer files.
Hardware Part of the computer system such as a keyboard, screen, mouse, joystick, printer, speakers, etc.
Highlight or Select An introductory screen on a Web page on the World Wide Web, used to welcome visitors. A home page can include special text or graphics on which you click to jump to related information on other pages on the Web.
Home page An introductory screen on a Web page on the World Wide Web, used to welcome visitors. A home page can include special text or graphics on which you click to jump to related information on other pages on the Web.
Home Row Keys on the keyboard with fingers of the left hand are on A-S-D-F and fingers on the right hand on J-K-L-;.
Host The name given to a computer directly connected to the Internet. Host computers are associated with computer networks, online services, or bulletin board systems.
Hyperlink or Hypertext Special text when clicked jumps the user from one related topic to another.
Illustration Clip art, graphics or drawings on a computer.
Indent To set the first line of a paragraph in from the margin in a word processing document.
Internet Term given to the network of computers that provide information worldwide.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) A standard for shrinking graphics so they can be sent faster between modems and take up less space on your hard drive. These graphics can be reduced to 5 percent of their original size, but the image quality deteriorates. However, compressing graphics to
Keyboard The hardware device used to enter letters into the computer.
Keyword A word or reference point used to describe content on a Web page that search engines use to properly index the page.
Label The term given to the words entered on a spreadsheet usually naming a column.
Landscape The page setup that permits a document to be printed in a horizontal position.
Created by: oloff