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Nouns (Barrons)

19.5 Spatial Relationships

space l'espace (m)
time and space le temps et l'espace
in dans
I have nothing left in my wallet. Je n'ai plus rien dans mon porte-monnaie.
inside dedans
This bag is heavy. What's inside of it? Ce sac est lourd. Qu'est-ce qu'il y a dedans?
inside (of) à l'intérieur (de)
He is inside the house. Il est à l'intérieur de la maison.
outside, outdoors dehors
Go play outdoors. Allez jouer dehors.
outside (of) à l'extérieur (de)
outside, out of something hors de qc
He ran out of the room. Il a couru hors de la pièce.
outside, beyond en dehors (de)
This house is outside the village. La maison est en dehors du village.
before avant
You have to turn left before the town hall. Il faut tourner à gauche avant la mairie.
after, beyond après
The accident happened five kilometers beyond Tours. L'accident s'est produit 5 kilomètres après Tours.
before, in front of devant
In front of the house there are two large trees. Devant la maison, il y a deux grands arbres.
behind derrière
on sur
The book is on the table. Le livre est posé sur la table.
under sous
on top dessus
a cake with cherries on top un gâteau avec des cerises dessus
above, over au-dessus de
The plane flies above the clouds L'avion vole au-dessus des nuages.
underneath, below dessous, au-dessous de
bottom, lower part (n) le bas
in the lower drawer dans le tiroir du bas
upper part, top (n) le haut
on the top shelf sur l'étagère du haut
rear (part), back (n) l'arrière (m)
in the rear of à l'arrière de
I don't like to sit at the back of the bus. Je n'aime pas être assis à l'arrière du bus.
front (n) l'avant (m)
in the front of à l'avant de
bottom, background (n) le fond
corner (n) le coin
at the street corner au coin de la rue
side (n) le côté
A square has four equal sides. Le carré a 4 côtés égaux.
end (n) le bout
at the end of au bout de
She is waiting for us at the end of the platform. Elle nous attend au bout du quai.
edge (n) le bord
upper (adj) supérieur(e)
upper lip la lèvre supérieure
lower (adj) inférieur, inférieure
at the end of à l'extrémité de
at the bottom of en bas (de)
at the top of en haut (de)
at the top of the hill en haut d'une côte
at the front (of) en avant (de)
He marches at the front of the group. Il marche en avant du groupe.
at the back (of); behind en arrière (de)
in the foreground au premier plan
In the foreground of the painting there is a horse. Au premier plan du tableau, on voit un cheval.
in the background au second plan
at the level of à la hauteur de
at the side de côté
to step to the side faire un pas de côté
beside à côté (de)
Sit down next to me. Assieds-toi à côté de moi.
in front de face
facing en face (de)
right (n) la droite
to stay/drive to the right tenir sa droite
left (n) la gauche
On your left you can see the Eiffel Tower. Sur votre gauche, vous pouvez voir la tour Eiffel.
up close de près
from afar, far away de loin
I recognized him from far away. Je l'ai reconnue de loin.
Created by: indef



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