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NS midterm

QuestionAnswer
What are three elements of network management? Security, Performance, Reliability
What is the difference between a Manager and an Agent? An agent is narrowly focused on a single device. A manager polls multiple agents and can react to several agents
What is a MIB? Management Information Database
What are management Proxies? An entity that provides management information behalf of other entities.
What is SNMP? Simple Network Message Protocol
Why would you do a network audit? To define what is normal for the network, so you can know when things deviate from the norm
What is a baseline? Baseline describes the normal status on the network and provides a reference point.
Name five types of audits Inventory Audit Facility Audit Operational Audit Efficiency Audit Security Audit
What is the difference between the five audit types above? 1)Inventory Audit: Enumerates networking equipment, should be done in situ and before network devices are operational
What is the difference between the five audit types above? 2)Facility Audit: Tracks which network devices are placed where. Should be done in conjunction with an Inventory Audit
What is the difference between the five audit types above? 3)Accounts for daily network operations including overall utilization, collisions and other fuckups. Requires the creation of a baseline
What is the difference between the five audit types above? 4)Efficiency Audit: Evaluates the network media, costs and people using the network, index costs (over time)
What is the difference between the five audit types above? 5)Security Audit: Ongoing, determines best-defence/business continuity/backups/virus scanning, backups, disaster recovery, passwords... all that security type stuff.
What is EMI? Electro-Magnetic Interference.
What is RFI? Radio Frequency Interference.
What is SOAP? Simple Object Access Protoco
What is NFS? Network File System
What is a RFC? Request For Comments/Request for Change
What is CIFS? Common Internet File System
What is SMB the same as? NTFS
What does SMB stand for? Server Message Block
What is SAMBA? A suite of UNIX applications that speak SMB protocol
What is smbd? A daemon that allows file & printer sharing on a SMB network and provides authentication/authorization for SMB clients. Server Message Block Daemon
What is nmbd? A daemon that looks after the Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), and assists with browsing. NetBIOS Message Block Daemon
What is SFU and what can it do? Services For Unix
What does SAN stand for? Storage Area Network
What does NAS stand for? Network Attached Storage
What does DAS stand for? Direct Attached Storage
What does SCSI stand for? Small Computer System Interface
What is Fibre Channel? A technology for transmitting data between computer devices at 1 GBps
What is iSCSI? A technology that allows data to be transported to and from storage devices over an IP network
What is the difference between Postscript and PCL? Postscript is the defacto print standard in the UNIX community, and the only print standard used by Macintosh (DEPRECATED, Apple uses Postscript as well now)
What is a WinPrinter? A printer that the vendor only provides a windows driver for
What is CUPS? A linux print spooling program. Common Unix Printing System
What is Raster Graphics? Graphics produced by grouping pixels
What is Vector Graphics? Images produced by using mathematically generated points, lines and shapes
What does BIND stand for? Berkley Internet Name Domain
What is a purpose of using a PROXY server? An intermediate that sits between an application and a real server
What is a FIREWALL? The place you put pictures of the really shitty employees. A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network (intranet)
Name three techniques used by firewalls Packet filter, Application gateway, stateful inspection
What is IP spoofing? A technique used to gain unauthorized access to computers, whereby he intruder sends messages to a computer with an IP address indicating that the message is coming from a trusted host
What does DMZ stand for? De-Militarized Zone
What is a gateway? A combination of hardware and software that links two different types of networks
What is an Extranet? A business to business intranet that allows limited, controlled, secure access between a company's intranet and designated, authenticated users from remote locations
What is XML Extensible Markup Language
What is LDAP? Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
What is ADSL? Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
What is IMAP? Internet Message Access Protocol
What is the difference between Unicode and ASCII? Unicode represents characters as integers, ASCII uses 7 bits to represent all 127 characters.
What is MIME? Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
What is SMTP? Simple Message Transfer Protocol
What is a MTA? Mail Transfer Agent
Name two examples of MTA’s Sendmail/Postfix, Exchange
What are two examples of a MUA? Outlook and Thunderbird
Created by: sonyguy1991