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Myth

Midterm

TermDefinition
Allegory literary device in which characters, events, settings, represent abstract ideas, concepts, virtues, vices etc.
Allusion an indirect reference to a figure and text and occurrence and etc. The assumption is that the audience will be familiar with the reference
Anointing an indication of status. When Saul is anointed and puts on the robe he is the king.
Bard a poet or singer usually connected to the oral tradition
Bildungsroman a text that focuses on and traces the development of the character from childhood or adolescence to maturity when the character realizes their role in their world
Burial rites the customary practices of a culture for dealing with their dead. Myths and epics often describe the rites accorded to their heroes
Caesura a break inside a line of poetry where, clause, or sentence ends
Creation Story narrative of how the world cam win to being and ho it became populated with humans. There are common in most religious and myth traditions. Creation commonly comes from the mind or speech of the creator, from chaos, the union of two divine beings
Diction the author's choice of words( referring to suitors as animalistic)
Dike Justice, especially in the sense of restoring order to the social world and social contracts
End-stopped a line of poetry then ends of a grammatical stopping point, like the end of a phrase clause, or sentence often indicated with punctuation
enjambment the running on of the sense of on line of poetry to the next with no pause created by punctuation
epic long narrative poem in elevated style, tells story of a hero. Superhuman abilities.
epic similie extended similie in which the tenor-thing being described, the subject of the simile over showed by description of the vehicle
Epithet a phrase that occurs with a noun (often a name) to highlight a certain characteristic of the person
Hero's journey departure, initiation, and return the journey allows the hero to grow and to bring benefits back to his people. departure moves the hero from the everyday world to a mythic world.
Intensification “a sort of crescendo development, in which certain images and ideas introduced first in the parallel versets they may often be binary oppositions--are stepped up from line to line and brought to a certain climax
Kleos fame or glory that epic heroes seek. The fame or glory is made undying by being sung
Lament: a song or poem of sorrow
Metaphor: a comparison made between two unrelated things without the use of like or as
Metonymy: a figure of speech which refers to an object by substituting the name of a closely related
Myth: A traditional anonymous story, originally religious in nature, told by a particular cultural group in order to explain a natural or cosmic phenomenon.
Nostos (return): homecoming; Gregory Nagy argues this also has a mystical meaning “the return to light and life”
Oath: a solemn promise, often with an invocation of the divine. In an oral culture where one’s word isis or her bond, swearing an oath carries strong significance.
Oral tradition: the songs and stories passed orally from generation to generation in a particular culture. Oral traditional tales are marked by features that suggest their oral nature even when they are written down.
Origin story: a narrative that explains how something (humans, animals, a superhero) came to be and why it is that way
Panegyric poem or speech of extended praise
Parataxis: sentence structures that rely on coordination and equal weight of clauses rather than subordination.
Polutropos: versatile, many sided, one who can be in many different ways (used to describe Odysseus)
Polymetis: Intelligent in many ways, crafty (used to describe Odysseus)
Rhapsode: “stitcher of songs”; professional performer of Homeric and other classical poetry in Ancient Greece, early on may have improvised, later recited the work of poets like Homer from memory
Ritual: a series of acts always done in the same way in the same situation, frequently with religious significance
Sacrifice: giving up something often for the greater good or for ritual reasons; the offering of a animal, object, plant, or human to the god(s) as a gesture of homage, worship, or conciliation
Simile: a figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things using like or as to signal the comparison
Speech act: an utterance that functions as an action
Synecdoche: a figure of speech that uses the name of part of something to signify the whole. Ex:wheels for car
Syntax: the way words are ordered into phrases and clauses. The basic standard syntax for Standard American English (SAE) is subject-verb-object.
Typological: a way of reading that Bible that sees the events and people of the Old Testament as types or prefigurings of the events and people of the New Testament
Ritual: a series of acts always done in the same way in the same situation, frequently with religious significance
Weaving: used in many ways—the women’s work of literally weaving; weaving a plot; weaving a song….
Xenia : hospitality, the relationships of guests and hosts
Created by: psterling90