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Social Science

Section 1 Origins of World War 1

When was the Great War (the First World War)? 1914-1918
When was the first day of the Great War? August 1, 1914
When did World War I end? November 11, 1918 at 11 a.m.
The end of World War I also led directly to- World War II approximately two decades (20 years) later
Prior to 1914 the world had been divided into- empires
What spurred great economic growth? The Industrial Revolution
Why did tensions between empires increase? Empires became increasingly competitive over territories and trade as the amount of unclaimed land decreased worldwide.
Why do historians disagree on the exact causes of the global conflict? The source of the tensions between empires were complex.
What were the most powerful nations of Europe? Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Russia.
What was the Triple Alliance? Also known as the Central Powers, it consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy who agreed to aid each other if any non-alliance countries attacked.
Who did the German Empire form under in 1871? Kaiser Wilhelm II
Why did Kaiser Wilhelm want to make Germany into a world power? Germany defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War against a powerful country and he wanted to make Germany a world power.
Why did France and England ally and form the Entente Cordiale? Both had anti-German attitudes. France had vowed to win back it's land from Germany and Britain was nervous about their military build up.
Why did Austro-Hungary seek to ally with Germany? They needed a strong military ally since they were struggling to hold thier borders and some of their countrymen were rebelling.
Why did Italy ally with the Central Powers? It had just become a united country and needed the protection of stronger allies.
Why was Britain hesitant about forming an alliance with Russia? Great Britain feared that if the Russians were able to obtain land and ports, they might threaten Britain's trade.
Why did Britain decide to enter into alliance with Russia? Britain begain to realize that if it did not support France and Russia the balance of power in Europe would tip toward the Central Powers and the greater threat of Germany.
What was the name of the alliance of Great Britain, France, and Russia? The Triple Entente
What created a great deal of rivalry and tension among the Great Powers? The Great Powers tried to manuver to gain control over the weakened Ottoman Empire.
Why did some Germans believe that the conquest of additional lands would not be accross the seas, but instead by land? They realized that the race for colonies was already over and that the path to an empire overseas was unrealistic.
What was the main goal of European countries in the early part of the 19th century? They wanted to maintain the balance of power in Europe so that one country would not become politically stronger than another.
The increase of literacy among the common people caused- kings and rulers to appeal for the common people's support. They used newspapers as a way to manipulate the public.
What is "yellow journalism"? A type of journalism that presents little or no legitimately researched news, but instead, uses sensationalism or nationalism to sell papers.
What is the Schlieffen Plan? Alfred von Schlieffen developed a plan of attack that called for throwing nearly all German forces against France in a massive offensive that would force France to surrender by the forty-second day of the war. *42nd day
What was Russia's "Great Program"? It was a program that would rapidly build up and modernize Russia's military and transportation networks.
What were some of the obstacles to the Schlieffen Plan? The Germans miscalculated the involvement of Italy and Great Britain. Italy was concerned about going into a naval war with Great Britain and France. Schlieffen's plan didn't account for Great Britain entering the war.
Why were the leaders in Austria-Hungary alarmed at the growing power and ambition of Serbia? Not only would they loose land, but Serbia success could also trigger more uprisings within the large Austro-Hungarian Empire.
What was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 also known as? The "Spark" that ignited the War.
What was the last trigger of the war amongst the most powerful European Countries? Austria's demand and punishment against Serbia.
Created by: jhelsc