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Life In American Cit

Immigration and Growth of Cities, Tenements, Triangel Shirtwaist Fire,

How was the nations wealth distributed in 1910? Half of the nations wealth was controlled by one percent of the people while twelve percent controlled all but one tenth of the nations wealth.
When did the first wave of immigration occur? Before 1880
Why did immigrants in the first wave of immigration come to the United States? They came for a better life and were attracted to the lands and opportunities in the Midwest.
German immigrants came to America in the first wave- because of political unrest.
Irish immigrants came to America in the first wave- to escape famine and poverty.
Scandenavian immigrants came to America in the first wave- to farm.
Spanish and French immigrants came to America in the first wave- to raise sheep.
British immigrants came to America in the first wave- to mine.
Asian immigrants came to America in the first wave- to search out work on railroads and latter moved to mining camps to start businesses, such as general stores, restaurants and laundries.
What caused the second wave of immigration? The industrial growth and opportunities in the American cities.
How did the new wave of immigrants differ from the first wave? In addition to seeking out the same opportunities as the earlier immigrants, the new immigrants came to find jobs and escape religious persecution.
How did Americans respond to the new immigrants? The often rejected the newer immigrants.
How many Americans worked in agriculture before 1900? sixty percent
What caused many people to move from the rural areas? The Industrial Revolution and the building of factories, plants, and mills.
How many immigrants arrived each year during the second wave? More than a million immigrants arrived each year.
How many residents between 1900 - 1920 were born in a foreign country One in seven.
Of the ninety two million people living in America in 1910, how many were living in an urban area? Approximately one-third.
Why did immigrants live together in tenements? The overcrowded conditions and the lack of housin in cities caused them to live there.
What are tenements? Tenements were apartment houses that were often built without regard for safety concerns and often lacked heat or water.
Who reported about the conditions of the tenements? Jacob Riis
What were working conditions like before laws were passed to protect workers? Poor and dangerous working conditions, long hours, and low wages.
How many children worked in 1900? Two million children.
Where did children work? Factories, sold newspapers, mines, and mills.
How many immigrant girls and women were employed at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory? 500
What were the working conditions of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory? They worked long hours in crowded conditions for very little pay.
Why was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire a significant event? It caused thousands of people to march in silent protest about the unsafe workplaces. The horrific event resulted in the eventual creation of laws that protected workers and prohibited children under fourteen from working.
What contributed to the spread of diseases in cities? Over crowding, poor sanitation systems, and contaminated water.
What was the Great Migration? The movement of southern African Americans to cities in the northern states in 1916 - 1920.
What caused the Great Migration? Racial violence, discrimination, and poverty in the rural South.
How many African Americans left the rural South for jobs in the northern cities? Over 500,000
Why did northern companies advertise jobs to southern African Americans? World War I limited the number of immigrants into the nation and factories needed to increase their production of wartime materials.
Created by: jhelsc