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ICT Definitions

PDST ICT definitions

TermDefinition
Memory Stick Type of miniature mobile storage medium that is capable of storing data files. Memory Sticks typically are used in digital cameras, laptops, computers, and photo printers. Both an input and output device
Internet A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
DVD Digital Versatile Disk
Database A collection of pieces of information that is organized and used on a computer. Used by businesses to store information about stock, suppliers or customers.
Spreadsheet A computer program with a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations, prepare budgets and accounts. Microsoft Excel is an example of a spreadsheet program.
Word Processing The use of software application to create, edit, format, print and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos. Microsoft Word is a word processing program.
ICT Information and Communications Technology
IT Information Technology
ROM Read Only Memory
RAM Random Access Memory
CPU Central Processing Unit, Abbreviation of central processing unit. The CPU is the brains of the computer. Sometimes referred to simply as the processor or central processor, the CPU is where most calculations take place.
LAN Local Area Network
WAN Wide Area Network
CD Compact Disc
USB Universal Serial Bus
WWW World Wide Web
Hardware The tangible, physical computer equipment that can be seen and touched, e.g. mouse, monitor, keyboard
Software A program or instructions that give directions to the computer, e.g. Microsoft Word
Input Devices Enable the user to input data and commands into the computer. Examples include keyboard, touch-screen, scanner, mouse, joystick
Output Devices Devices that enable the computer to give the user the results of the processed data, e.g. monitor, printer, speakers
Operating System The basic software that manages a computer, e.g. Windows 7, MAC OS
Network Connects one computer to other computers and peripheral devices, e.g. printers, scanners
Videoconferencing A real-time meeting that takes place between people in different locations via computers and the internet
Keyboard An input device that enters data with letters, numbers, symbols, and special function keys.
Mouse A hand-operated electronic device that controls the coordinates of a cursor on your computer screen as you move it around. An example of an input device.
Printer A machine that prints characters or other images on paper. An example of an output device.
Modem Computer hardware that allows information to be passed through the telephone lines or over the internet. An input and output device.
Wifi Short for "Wireless Fidelity." refers to technology that allows computers and other devices to communicate over a wireless signal.
Memory Computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Email Electronic Mail - the electronic transfer of messages from one computer to another using the internet
Created by: EvieR13