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Vocabulary Words

Computer Apps 2 Vocabulary Words

.org A website extension that identifies the site as a non-profit, non-governmental organization
Alias file that points to another item, such as a program, document, folder, or disk. When an alias is opened, the original item that the alias points to is opened. This helps in the organizing and accessing of files. Alias is purely a Mac term.
Application A software program that lets you complete a task, such as writing a paper, creating a poster, designing an image, or viewing a Web page.
Buffer The buffer is a section of the computer where data is stored before being used. This buffering allows time for an application to fix differences in bit rates among other things. It creates a space of time for compensation.
Byte A unit of space. It is also used to represent a series of seven or eight ASCII code digits representing a character.
Cache A memory section of the hard drive that holds information while the CPU is working on it
CD-ROM (Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory) a storage media that is able to store up to 660MB of information (e.g., text, graphics, audio, and full-motion video)
Cells The intersection of a row and a column in Excel—where data can be inserted
Chevron Double arrows at end of tool bar that allow you to show buttons on two rows
Clipboard A windows program that saves information you copy, to be pasted into a program later
Configure to set the details or structure of a system (e.g., operating system)
Content Standard a description of what students should know and be able to do within a particular discipline or content domain
Curriculum Framework serves as a bridge between standards and the classroom and provides curriculum content, organization, and presentation
Curriculum Standard activities used in classroom instruction to teach the benchmarked standard
Cursor visually distinct mark on a display indicating where newly typed text will be inserted. The cursor moves as text is typed and, in most modern editors, can be moved around within a document by the user to change the insertion point.
Database One or more large structured sets of persistent data, usually associated with software to update and query the data.
Dialog Box A box that contains a message, often requesting more information or allowing you to select among options
Domain A group of computers whose hostnames share a common suffix, the "domain name". The last component of this is the top-level domain.
Drill down Moving from a general level to a detailed level
Environmental Probe computer peripheral that senses environmental data and communicates reading directly into the computer for recording and storage (e.g., pH sensor, humidity sensor)
Ethernet a system for connecting a number of computer systems to form a LAN, with protocols to control the passing of information and to avoid simultaneous transmission by two or more systems
Export To save data or pictures in a form other programs can read
Footer Information that appears at the foot of every page—usually the name, page number and document title
Formula always starts with “=” signs and describes what the calculations for that cell will be, i.e., add, subtract, etc. GIF - An image format, an acronym for Graphical Interchange Format
Graphic Applications Software one of a number of types of computer software that enables the user to create or manipulate illustrations, graphs, drafting products, and a variety of other images
Graphic organizing software Visual representation of the material a student is learning (e.g charts
Graphing Calculator a hand-held calculator that, in addition to performing calculations and functional operations, can graph functions and relations
Header Information that appears at the head of every page in a document—usually the author’s name, the document title and the page number
Hits The number of matches made by a search engine like Google in a search
Hour glass The picture showing that the computer is “thinking” before it performs your command
Hover To “float” the cursor over a command until some information shows
Hypertext This is a markup language that allows for non-linear transfers of data. The method allows your computer to provide the computational power rather than attaching to a mainframe and waiting for it to do the work for you.
Input device A peripheral used to transfer data from the outside world into a computer system. Some input devices are operated directly by the user, e.g. keyboard, mouse, touch screen, joystick, digitising tablet, microphone;
Intranet a local or restricted communications network, especially a private network created using World Wide Web software
ISP (Internet Service Provider) A group that provides access to the internet. An acronym for Internet Service Provider
Java A program that recreates information so it can be read by most computers
Jump drive Memory stick—portable place to save files
Macro A series of actions that occur following one key stroke
Master-slave The relationship between a dominant drive and the secondary one
Menu Bar The word commands at the top of a program that activate drop-down menus
Mouse-over To “float” the cursor over a command until some information shows
Multimedia the combination of audio, video, animation, and graphics used to disseminate information under computer control Netiquette - Proper manners on the internet
Numbered outline An indented list using numbers/ letters to organize information
Output devices equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds or other media to a display screen, printer, loudspeaker or storage device.
Overwrite- Destroy (data) or the data in (a file) by entering new data in its place
Photo-manipulation the ability to alter a scanned photo image
Platform computer hardware and the operating system that runs on it (e.g., a Macintosh computer or Windows-based PC)
Presentation Hardware/Software computer hardware/software designed to support presentations involving multimedia (e.g., PowerPoint)
Router a device that forwards data packets to the appropriate parts of a computer network
Search Engine software that allows retrieval of information from electronic databases (library catalogs, CD-ROMs, the Web) by locating user-defined characteristics of data such as word patterns, dates, or file formats
Shortcut A file that points to another item, such as a program, document, folder, or disk. Key strokes that enact the same commandsavailable in the menus of a program.
Software- This is a program, the actual code the computer reads. All other stuff is hardware. A floppy disc is hardware.
Spyware- is a type of malware (malicious software) installed on computers that collects information about users without their knowledge.
Standard a description of what students should know and be able to do at the highest level of generality (e.g. concept)
Switch is a computer networking device that connects network segments
Taskbar The gray bar at the bottom of the desktop showing what programs are open
Telecommunications includes all types of electronic communication services, including satellite, fiber-optic, computer-based transmission, telephone, and radio
Terabyte- (TB) It's about a trillion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 40th power or 1,009,511,627,776 bytes.
Trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device which is used in trade with goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of others
Transition The way one slide goes into another
Created by: Jraquepo