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Inj to skeletal syst

Injuries to the Skeletal System

# of bones in the body 206
five functions of the skeletal system 1. body structure 2. leverage for lifting and movement 3. protection of internal organs 4. blood cell production 5. stores calcium
bone classifications long (femur, humerus, tibia, radius) short (carpals, tarsals) flat (scapula, skull) irregular (facial, vertebrae) sesamoid (patella)
axial head to butt
appendicular arms and legs
fracture crack or break in the bone (partial or complete)
compound fracture bone sticking out the skin leaving an open wound (laceration)
avulsion fracture ligament or tendon is attached to the bone, occur in the ankle and hip
stress fracture repetitive motion
greenstick fracture Incomplete break in along bone shaft I which the bone is partially bent, Common for children
impacted fracture Break in which one bone fragment is embedded in the interior of another bone fragment (Hip and shoulder)
longitudinal fracture Break in which the bone splits or cracks lengthwise , Caused by impact such as hard landing after a jump
oblique fracture Diagonal break ,Caused when one end of a bone receives a torsion while the other end remains fixed
spiral fracture Break in the bone in the shape of an ā€œSā€ or helical, separation
transverse fracture Break the occurs across the bone shaft at a right angle to the long axis of the bone Clean break Usually results from a direct blow
comminuted fracture fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
blowout fracture
Created by: Imari Wright