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220-801 Hardware

QuestionAnswer
Voltages provided by ATX PS. 3.3V, 5V, 12V, -12V
How many 12V rails on ATX PS? One for processor and one or more for drives, fans, etc.
Name the voltages provided by Molex. 5V & 12V
Name the voltages provided by SATA. 3.3V, 5V, 12V
Motherboards: Largest and most common (12 X 9.6”). Used since 1995. Standard ‘full-size’ motherboard. ATX
Motherboards: Come in several different SFF sizes. Consume very little power and do not require fans for cooling. ITX
Fire Safety: Combustible Metals Class D
Motherboards: Small boards designed for smaller devices, DVRs and set top boxes. (4.7 x 4.7”) Nano ITX
Fire Safety: Ordinary combustibles such as paper and wood. Class A
Motherboards: Smaller version of ATX and very popular with desktop computers. It’s the board that comes in varying sizes (6.75 x 6.75” to 9.6 x 9.6”) Micro ATX
Fire Safety: Electrical fire. Remove power source. <never use water> Class C
Motherboards: Extremely small boards are embedded in mobile devices. (3.9 x 2.8”) Pico ITX
Fire Safety: Flammable liquids and gasses. Class B
Motherboards: For use in home theatre systems. Will fit into any case with ATX mount points. (6.7 x 6.7”) Mini ITX
Connection between CPU and internal cache memory Back Side Bus
Expansion Slots: 32 & 64-bit verisons. Speeds up to 533 MB/s. Frequencies are 33 or 66 Mhz. Voltage can be 3.3v or 5v. Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)
Expansion Slots: This type of expansion slot uses serial communication (data sent in byte streams), there is no external clock signal and can have multiple two-way lanes which allow the device to send and receive data at the same time. PCI Express (PCIe)
Expansion Slots: For laptop expansion cards. 32-bit with 33MHz bus. Mini PCI
This connects the CPU in newer chipsets in place of the front side bus. Direct Media Interface Bus (DMI)
Expansion Slots: Legacy port for graphics cards.up to 2133 MB/s without competing with other PCI device data transfers. Always 66MHz Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
CPU Chipsets: Also called memory controller hub (MCH) is the primary interface for high-speed devices such as the CPU, RAM and a dedicated graphics slot. On newer processors, the _________ bridge functions have been taken over by the CPU. North Bridge
Expansion Slots: Improvement on PCI reaching up to 1064MB/s. Not commonly used on desktop systems, although they were once used in some servers. PCI extended (PCI-X)
Expansion Slots: PCIe slot for laptop computers. Mini PCIe
Connection between CPU and supporting chipset on motherboard. Front Side Bus (FSB)
Expansion Slots: Primary standard in use today, replaces PCI, AGP and PCI-X on many motherboards. Can reach speeds up to 2GB/s on multiple lanes simultaneously PCI Express (PCIe)
CPU Chipsets: The ________ bridge provides an interface to low speed devices and is also called the I/O controller hub (ICH). South Bridge
Name for Intel hardware assited virtualization feature. VT-x
Name for AMD hardware assisted virtualization. AMD-V
RAM: Uses double pumping to double the data rate of SDRAM. DDR RAM (Double Data Rate)
RAM: Doubles the data rate of DDR2. It can transfer 4x the data of DDR and 8x that of SDRAM. DDR3
RAM: Doubles the data rate of DDR. In addition to double pumping, it modifies the way that data is processed and can transfer twice as much data as DDR SDRAM. DDR2
This RAM uses switching circuitry rather than capacitors and can hold a charge without a constant refresh. It requires more components per bit making it more expensive, however it’s quicker than DRAM. SRAM (Static RAM)
Dynamic RAM synchronized with a clock for faster speeds. SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic RAM)
Number of Pins on DDR DIMM 184
Number of Pins on DDR2 SODIMM 144 OR 200
Number of Pins on DDR SODIMM 200
Number of Pins on DDR3 SODIMM 204
Number of Pins on DDR3 DIMM 240
Another name for LGA 775 Socket T
ATA Max Speeds (ATA-4, 5, 6, 7) 33MB/s, 66MB/s, 100MB/s, 133MB/s respectively
SATA I - Max Speed 1.5 Gb/s or 150 MB/s
SATA III - Max Speed 6.0 Gb/s or 600 MB/s
Another name for LGA 1156 Socket H (or H1)
USB 2.0 maximum transfer rate 480 Mb/s
Another name for LGA 2011. Socket R
SATA II - Max Speed 3.0 Gb/s or 300 MB/s
USB 3.0 maximum transfer rate 5 Gb/s
Another name for LGA 1366 Socket B
Another name for LGA 1155 Socket H2
Firewire Speeds: 1394a, 1394b 400, 800 Mb/s (Although much less common, 1394b also includes specs for S1600 and S3200 at 1.6 Gb/s and 3.2 Gb/s both using the 9-pin beta connector)
One Firewire port can support up to _____ connections 63
Blu-Ray Single layer 25 GB
Mini CD-ROM 194 MB (24 minutes audio)
In addition to automated drivers plug & play also configures _____________ and an _________________________ memory addresses and Interrupt Request Number (IRQ)
USB 1.1 low-speed / full-speed 1.5 Mb/s, 12Mb/s
DVD-ROM 4.7 GB (Per side, if dual-sided)
Blu-Ray Dual-layer, Triple-Layer, Quad-Layer 50 GB, 100 GB, 128 GB
Storage Capacity: CD-ROM 700 MB (80 minutes audio)
dual-layer DVD-ROM 8.5 GB (Per side, if double-sided)
Laser imaging process (7 steps, in order) Processing, Charging, Exposing, Developing, Transferring, Fusing, Cleaning (Sometimes cleaning is listed first)
Laptop batteries that were common in the past but are rarely used today. Contain a toxic ingredient. Nickel Cadmium
Type of battery used in most laptops today. Typically last for 1-3 years and 300-800 charge cycles. Lithium-ion
Were often used with laptop computers before the release of the Express card, but they are very rare today. PC cards or PCMCIA cards.
Most laptops manufactured after 2007 include _____________________ slots, and there are a wide variety of express cards available including adapters to add additional USB, eSATA, network or FireWire ports.Come in two versions ____________& _____________. ExpressCard, ExpressCard/34, ExpressCard/54
ACPI Global States : The system has full power and is working normally G0
ACPI Global States : The system is in one of 4 low-power states (S1 0 S4). G1
ACPI Global States : The system is off but still has power available G2
ACPI Global States : The system is completely off and disconnected from power. G3
Sleep States: This is commonly called sleep, suspend, or standby. S3
Sleep States: This is known as hibernation or sometimes suspend to disk. S4
Sleep/Suspend/Standby G1 S3
Hibernate G1 S4
Range of Bluetooth Class 2 10 meters (33 ft)
Name the following common port numbers for e-mail: SMTP & SMTPS TCP 25 & TCP 465
Troubleshooting Theory: Name the six steps (in order). 1. Identify the problem. 2. Establish a theory. 3. Test theory to determin cause. 4. Establish a plan of action to resolve the problem, and implement the solution. 5. Verify full system functionality. 6. Document findings /outcome.
First Step of Laser Printing Process Processing (sometimes called raster image processing). Some text books list cleaning as the first stage, rather than the last.
Range of Bluetooth Class 3 5 meters (16 feet)
Name the following common port numbers for e-mail: IMAP & IMAPS TCP 143 and TCP 993
Inkjet Printing Technologies (name both) 1. Thermal (bubble jet) printing 2. Piezoelectric Printing
Name the following common port numbers for e-mail: POP3 & POP3S TCP 110 and TCP 995
Range of Bluetooth Class 1 100 meters (328 feet)
Number of Pins on DDR2 DIMM 240
Created by: douros05