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History Ch. 11 Vocab

TermDefinition
Nationalism Devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Militarism Development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy
Allies Two major defense alliances in Europe, The Triple Entente
Central Powers Germany and Austria-Hungary with Ottoman Empire
Archduke Franz Ferdinard Heir the Austrian throne, was shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip
No Man's Land Barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire
Trench Warfare Armies fought for more yards of ground
Lusitania May 7, 1915 A U-boat sank the British liner causing the American public opinion to go against Germany and the central powers
Zimmerman Note Telegram from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British agents
Eddie Rickenbacker Famous Fighter Pilot of WW1, Well known as a racevcar driver before the war
Selective Service Act Required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service
Convoy System Heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in Groups
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) Led by General John J. Pershing, Included men from widely separated parts of the country
General John J. Pershing Found that the Allies intended to use American troops as reinforcements, He urged the AEF to work independently.
Alvin York One of Americans greatest heroes, Killed 25 Germans and -With six other doughboys- captured 132 prisoners
Conscientious Objecter A person who opposes warfare on moral ground
Armistice Truce that Germany agreed to sign
War Industries Board (WIB) Encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency
Bernard M. Baruch A prosperous businessman and leader of WIB
Propaganda Kind of biased communication designed to influenced people's thoughts and actions
George Creel The head of the CPI, former muckraking journalist
Espionage and Sedition Acts A person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort
Great Migration The large-scale movement of hundreds of thousands of Southern Blacks to cities in the North
Fourteen Points Speech by President Wilson, separated into 3 groups, First 5 were issues Wilson believed had to be addressed to prevent another war, Next 8, boundary changes, the fourteenth point creation of an international organization to address diplomatic crisises
League of Nations Provide forum for nations to discuss and settle their grievances without having to resort to war
Georges Clemenceau French premier, Lived through two German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions
David Lloyd George British Prime minister, won reelection on a slogan "Make Germany Pay"
Treaty of Versailles Established 9 new nations, including Poland, Czechoslovakia and the kingdom that later became Yugoslavia and shifted the boundaries of other nations.
Reparations War damage, which is amounting to $33 million to the Allies
War-Guilt Clause Forced Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting WW1
Henry Cabot Lodge Headed Conservative senators, suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military actions against aggression
Created by: TristanAcker
 

 



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