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S. Med. Bone/ Muscle

QuestionAnswer
Name the Carpal bones IN ORDER!!!!! scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, anf capitate, hamate
Name the quadriceps muscles rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius
Name the SITS muscles supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis
What is the location and action of the trapezius it is located in the upper back and its action is the shoulder shrug
What is the location and action of the latissimus dorsi it is located in the middle back, it is large, and its action is the extension of the spine
What is the location and action of the rhomboids they are located under the trapezius and they pull the shoulders back
What is the location and action of the seratus anterior this starts on the back and wraps around to the ribs ans it holds the scapula flat on the ribs
What is the location and action of the deltoid located on the top of the shoulders, and it abducts the shoulder
What is the location and action of the bicep located in the upper arm, and is responsible for elbow flexion
What is the location and action of the tricep located in the posterior upper arm, and is responsible elbow abduction
What is the location and action of the supraspinatus located in the posterior part of the shoulder blade, and is responsible for abducting the arm
What is the location and action of the infraspinatus located in the posterior part of the shoulder blade, and is responsible for external rotation
What is the location and action of the teres minor located in the posterior part of the shoulder blade, and is responsible for external rotation
What is the location and action of the subscapularis located in the anterior part of the shoulder blade, and is responsible for internal rotation
What is the location and action of the gluteus maximus located in the butt region, and is responsible for hip extension
What is the location and action of the piriformis located under the gluteus and is responsible for hip rotation
What is the location and action of the quadriceps located interior to the thigh and is responsible for knee extension
What is the location and action of the hamstrings located posterior to the thigh and is responsible for knee flexion
What is the location and action of the sartorius located anterior to the quadriceps and lets you cross your leg
What is the location and action of the groin located in the medial part of the upper leg and adducts the leg
What is the location and action of the tibialis anterior located in the anterior lower leg and is responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot
What is the location and action of the gastrocnemius located posterior to the lower leg and is responsible for plantatflexion of the foot
What is the location and action of the psoas major located anterior to the hip and is responsible for flexing the hip
Name the tarsals cuneiforms, navicular, calcaneous, talus, and cuboid
how many cervical vertebrae are there? 7
how many thoracic vertebrae are there? 12
how many lumbar vertebrae are there? 5
What are the hamstring muscles? semitendenosis, semimembernosis, and bicep femoris
What are the rotator cuff muscles? teres minor, subscapularis, infraspinetus, and supraspinatus
Define anterior more in front
Define distal further from the root of the limb
Define dorsal towards the back
Define inferior closer to the feet/lower
Define ipsilateral on the same side
Define lateral far from the middle
Define medial closer to the middle
Define posterior more in the back
Define prone lying face down
Define proximal closer to the root of the limb
Define superior closer to the head or higher
Define frontal plane also known as the coronal plane and it divides the body into front and back halves
Define transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower halves
Define midsagittal plane divides body into EQUAL right and left halves
Define sagittal plane divides body into right and left halves
Define retraction moving a part back
Define protraction moving a part forward
Define elevation raising a part
Define depression lowering a part
Define external rotation rotation of the hip and shoulder away from the midline
Define internal rotation rotation of the hip and shoulder forward from the midline
Define supine lying face up
Define ventral towards the front of the belly
Define flexion bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
Define extension straightening a joint or increasing the angle between two bones
Define abduction moving a body part away from the mid line of the body
Define adduction moving a body part towards the mid line of the body
Define circumduction tri-planar circular motion at the hip/shoulder
Define rotation turning on a single axis
Define pronation palm down
Define supination palm up
Define inversion turning the sole of the foot inward
Define eversion turning the sole of the foot outward
Define dorsiflextion bring the foot towards the shin
Define plantar flexion pointing the foot downward
Define superficial closer to the surface of the body
Define deep closer to the core of the body
Define unilateral pertaining to one side of the body
Define bilateral pertaining to both sides of the body
Define hyperextension excessive extension of the parts at a joint beyond anatomical position
Define Agonist Muscle also known as the prime mover and it is the muscle responsible for the majority of force
The Origin of a muscle is....... body segment with most mass, usually more proximally located, usually larger surface area of attachment
The inflammatory response is....... the first reaction to injury
The covering of the bone is called...... periosteum
The compact bone is....... hard and supports the weight of the body
A.S.I.S. stands for...... anterior superior iliac spine
Another name for growth plate is..... epiphyseal plate
Without a good blood supply, tissue can't........
True or false: the muscle action of the Rhomboids are to retract the scapula true
True or false: the trapezius lowers and protracts the scapula and shoulders false
True or false: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor all externally rotate the humerous false
True or false: the subscapularis internally rotates the humerous true
True or false: the biceps brachii is the only muscle that flexes the elbow true
True or false: the palmaris longus is responsible for wrist flexion true
True or false: the Gluteus Maximus externally rotates the hip false
True or false: the quad muscles flex the knee false
True or false: the Solues planterflexes the foot when the knee is bent true
True or false: the Anterior Tibialis causes the foot to dorsiflex true
True or false: the Peroneus Longus and Brevis evert the foot true
Rubor
Dolar
Created by: 00781215