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Test 1

QuestionAnswer
Meter MArked off by measures, organizes the beat
Tonic The first note of a scale (the tonic or keynote "do"), which serves as the home base around which the other pitches revolve and to which they ultimately gravitate
tonality Principle of organization around a tonic, or home, pitch, based on a major or minor scale
dissonance Combination of tones that sounds discordant and unstable, in need of resolution.
Consonance Concordant or harmonious combination of tones that provides a sense of relaxation and stability in music
melody Succession of single tones or pitches perceived by the mind as a unity.(line or tune in music
phrase Musical unit; often a component of a melody
range distance between highest and lowest notes in a melody frequency: number of vibrations per second
cadence Resting place in a musical phrase; music punctuation
major scale A collection of seven different pitches ordered in a specific pattern of whole and half steps, as shown below:musical scale: a musical scale with intervals of a semitone between the third and fourth notes
minor scale A collection of seven different pitches ordered in a specific pattern of whole and half steps, as shown below:a scale whose third and, usually, sixth and seventh notes are lower by a semitone
monophonic Single-line texture, or melody without accompaniment
homophonic Texture with principal melody and accompanying harmony, as distinct from polyphony
polyphonic Two or more melodic lines combined into a multivoiced texture, as distinct from monophonic.
variation A formal principle in which some aspects of the music are altered but the original is still recognizable; it falls between repetition and contrast.
improvisation Creation of a musical composition while it is being performed, seen in Baroque ornamentation, cadenzas of concertos, jazz, and some non-Western musics.
conjuct melody Smooth, connected melody that moves principally by small intervals.
disjunct melody Disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps.
meter Organization of rhythm in time; the grouping of beats into larger, regular patterns, notated as
measures In simple meters, such as duple, triple, and quadruple, each beat subdivides into two; in compound meters, such as sextuple, each beat divides into three.
beat/pulse Regular pulsation; a basic unit of length in musical time genre: General term describing the standard category and overall character of a work
tempo Rate of speed or pace of music. Tempo markings are traditionally given in Italian; common markings.
allegro fast; cheerful
moderato moderate
adajio quite slow
crescendo The dynamic effect of gradually growing louder, indicated in the musical score by the marking "<."
descrendo descrescendo/diminuendo: The dynamic effect of gradually growing softer, indicated in the musical score by the marking ">." Also referred to as diminuendo.
dynamics Element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness, or volume, of a sound.
forte the italian word for loud
piano the italian word for soft
Created by: lw9193