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Dysphagia aandp rev

a and p review for dysphagia

QuestionAnswer
what are the features of the right lung? 3 lobes Superior Middle Inferior more likely to experience aspiration
What are the features of the left lung? 2 lobes slightly smaller because of the heart
whyat are the features of the right bronchi? it receives more aspirated materials because it is more vertical, meaning it is the path of least resistence
what are teh features of the left bronchi? it is longer because it has to go around the heart.
what is RLL Pna Right lower lobe pneumonia
what is the tongue attached to and what attaches to that all the way tot he trachea cartilage? tongue>hyoid>thyroid>cricoid>trachaea
what are the features of the hyoid bone? it is the only free floating bone in the body it is attached to the tongue and the jaw with they geniohyoid, mylohyoid, posterior belly of the digastric muscle. and o t the
what are the features of teh thyroid cartilage? open in the back has a notch on the front where the TVF connect. sits on top of the cricoid cartilage
what are the features of the cricoid cartilage only closed cartilage in the body. small in front large in back arytenoids sit on top
what are teh features of the arytenoids? TVF attach 3 motions, rock forward to close and protect AW during swallowing, gliding to close TVF, rotating useful for rotating out to abduct and rotating in to adduct.
what is the subglottal space space below the TVF aspiration takes place when items fall into this space
what is the laryngeal vestibule? the area below teh imaginary line between the epiglotis and the arytenoids AND the just above the TVF
what do supra hyoid muscles do? raise the larynx
what do infra hyoid muscles do? lower the larynx
what are to suprahyoid muscles? mylohyoid: big fan muscle inside the jaw Digastric: two bellies, anterior pulls larynx up and forward. Posterior pulls back Geniohyoid stylohyoid
what is the cervical space between? the jaw and thoracic
what does the larynx span? the cricoid to the hyoid
what does the oral cavity span? the lips to the faucial pillars
what are two extremely important spaces? valleculae (behind the tongue) pyriform sinus (lateral to the larynx
what does the pharynx span: the bottom of the nasal cavity to the UES
how wide is the trachea ~ 1"
Is the trachea anterior or posterior to the esophagus? anterior
what are some features of the bronchi? bifurcates into 2 main bronchi at CARINA left mainstem bronchus longer and steeper angle richt mainstem bronchus short and less steep angle
what are the muscle features of the esophagus? stripped muscle for superior 1/3 smooth muscle for inferior 2/3
what are the segments of the pharynx naso pharynx oropharynx hypopharynx
what are the two important spaces in teh pharynx valleculae pyriform sinuses
Created by: boone.pacific