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Cell Components

Structures and Functions of cell components

TermDefinition
PLASMA (CELL) MEMBRANE PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER WITH EMBEDDED PROTEINS, LIPIDS, AND CARBOHYDRATES. DEFINES THE BOUNDARY OF A CELL. REGULATE PASSAGE OF SUBSTANCES INTO AND OUT OF CELL
NUCLEUS POROUS DOUBLED MEMBRANE BOUND STRUCTURE THAT CONTAINS DNA, NUCLEOLUS, AND RIBOSOMES.
CYTOSKELETON MICROTUBLES, INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS, AND MICROFILAMENTS THAT MAKE UP THE SKELETON OF THE CELL.
CYTOPLASM SPACE FILLED WITH FLUID BETWEEN THE CEL MEMBRANE AND NUCLEUS THAT CONTAINS DIFFERENT ORGANELLES.
MITOCHONDRION ORGANELLE THAT PRODUCES ENERGY USED BY THE CELL. IT IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE "POWERHOUSE" OF THE CELL.
CENTRIOLES MICROTUBULE STRUCTURE THAT ATTACHES TO CHROMOSOMES AND SEPARATES THEM DURING CELL DIVISION.
RIBOSOME STRUCTURE INVOLVED IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS (PRODUCTION)
ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (RER) SINGLE MEMBRANE STRUCTURE COVER WITH RIBOSOMES ON THE SURFACE AND FUNCTIONS IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (SER) SINGLE MEMBRANE STRUCTURE THAT LACKS RIBOSOMES ON THE SURFACE AND FUNCTIONS IN LIPID PRODUCTION AND DETOXIFICATION.
GOLGI APPARATUS SINGLE MEMBRANE STRUCTURES THAT MODIFY, PACKAGE AND SHIP NEWLY MADE MACROMOLECULES, SUCH AS PROTEINS.
LYSOSOME SINGLE MEMBRANE STRUCTURES THAT CONTAIN HYDROLYTIC ENZYMES FOR DIGESTION.
CILIA SHORT CELLULAR PROJECTIONS THAT SWEEP OBJECTS ACROSS THE CELL MEMBRANE.
FLAGELLA LONG CELLULAR PROJECTION THAT PROPELS THE CELL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
MICROVILLI HIGHLY FOLDED EXTENSION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE TO INCREASE SURFACE AREA FOR ABSORPTION.
Created by: 100001919046229