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art foundations

midterm review

perspective a technique used to create the illusion of 3D space and objects on the two -dimensional surface of a picture plane.
who developed the technique of perspective? architect Filippo Brunelleschi.
perspective is created by... overlapping, size variations, placement, detail, color and converging lines.
what is the basic rule of perspective? objects appear to grow smaller as they recede, and lines which in reality are parallel, meet at a point on the horizon
perpective drawing a drawing on a 2D surface that gives the illusion of 3D space and objects
picture plane the actual 2D surface on which the painting or drawinf is made
Linear perspective the technique used to create the illusion of distance and depth on a 2D surface
Horizon line the line at which the earth and sky meet
Vanishing point in linear perspective, the point on the horizon line at which all the receding parallel lines converge
convergence in linear perspective, the point at which parallel lines meet as they recede.
line the path of a point moving through space is a line
shape the edge of something 2D
form the 3D shape of something
value the gradations between light and dark.
texture the quality of surface or the illusion of surface
space actual space bounded or manipulated by architecture or sculpture or the illusion of space on a 2D surface.
negative space empty, white space
positive space colored spaces
color color is caused by the differing qualities of light reflected or emitted.
primary colors def. colors that cannot be made by mixing other colors.
secondary colors colors made by mixing two primary colors
list of primary colors red, yellow, blue
list of secondary colors orange, green, purple.
blind contour line drawing a line drawing created without looking at the paper.
contour another word for line; the outermost edge of a subject.
contour drawing style of drawing which uses outlines to define the subject.
purpose of blind contour and contour line studies it teaches you how to see; it trains your eyes to look at the subject
continuous line drawing drawing created without lifting the pencil off of the paper.
modified contour drawing a contour drawing in which the artist is able to look at the paper and lift the pencil.
the different types of contour line drawings contour, blind, continuos, modified.
mid tone the tone that is midway in between the highlight and the shadow
reflected light light cast on a form after being reflected from another form
shadow the darkest area on the surface of the object; the area of a represented shape that receives the greatest amount of direct light.
cast shadow the dark tones resulting on a surface from the blocking of light rays by a solid object.
highlight the lightest value on a form; the area of a represented shape that receives the greatest amount of direct light.
value the relative degree of lightness or darkness given to an area by the amount of light reflected from it.
chiaroscuro the use of light and dark to create the illusion of 3D form.
how many colors in the color wheel? 12
tertiary colors made from combining one color with one secondary color (green blue, red orange, purple red, etc)
complementary colors colors across from one another on the color wheel (yellow and purple, green and red, blue and orange)
analogous colors colors side by side on the color wheel
hue a color
tint a color + white = tint
shade color+black= shade
Created by: pragu :)