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**CAD 2

SES 490

What is the difference between physical activity and exercise? Exercise is planned, structured and repetitive, physical activity is any movement that increases energy expenditure.
What is the negative risk factor? High HDL
What is classified as low risk for CAD? M <45yrs F<55yrs and no more than one risk factor
What is classified as moderate risk for CAD? Overage or two or more risk factors
What is classified as high risk for CAD? Anyone with symptoms suggestive o CAD or known CV, Pulmonary, or Metabolic Disease
Eight signs/symptoms of heart disease? Pain, Shortness of Breath, Dizziness or Syncope, Orthopnea or Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea, Ankle Edema, Palpitations, Intermittent Claudication, Unusual Fatigue
What is Dyspnea? principal symptom of cardiac or pulmonary disease
What is Syncope? loss of consciousness, usually caused by reduced blood to brain
What is orthopnea? Dyspnea at rest in recumbent position relieved by sitting upright or standing.
What is PND? Dyspnea at 2-5 hrs after onset of sleep that may be relieved by sitting or standing (COPD)
Bilateral Edema is a sign of: heart failure or venous insufficiency
Unilateral Edema is a sign of: venous thrombosis or lymph blockage
What is intermittent claudication? muscle pain due to inadequate blood supply exacerbated by exercise.
What are the nine known diseases that give the subject an automatic high risk of CAD? COPD, Asthma, Lung disease, Cystic fibrosis, Diabetes mellitus, Thyroid disease, Renal disease, Liver disease, Cancer
When is medical exam needed prior to exercise? moderate exercise with high risk, vigorous exercise with moderate or high risk
When is exercise testing needed prior to exercise? moderate with high risk, vigorous exercise with moderate or high risk
When is a Physician needed during exercise testing? moderate with high risk, vigorous exercise with moderate or high risk
Created by: Kayerenee