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CGS Module 1

Computers Module 1

A computer is an electronic device that accepts instructions from a user, processes and stores data, and produces output.
Mainframes Used by larger companies to provide centralized storage, processing and management for large amounts of information.
Computer system is made up of Hardware (physical components), Software (lists of instructions), and an Operating System (special software controls input and output)
Architecture/configuration Design of the computer, what it consists of
Specifications Technical details, such as size of monitor
Data information that describes things
Processing modifying data
Motherboard main electronic component where processing takes place, CPU is here
Peripheral Devices accomplish input, output and storage functions
MicroProcessor / CPU Central Processing Unit, silicon chip designed to manipulate data
Bit / Binary Digits 1 "on", 0 "off" eight bits = a byte
5 Types of Memory RAM, Cache, Virtual, ROM, CMOS
3 Types of Storage Media Magnetic, Optical, and Flash memory
4 Components of data communication Sender, channel, receiver, protocols
4 Types of system software operating systems, utilities, deice drivers, programming languages
Malware malicious software, illegally accessing … computer systems for destroying, disrupting or carrying out illegal activities on the network or computer systems.
Created by: heatherly42