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Ch.14 KeyTerms

SportsMed

TermDefinition
anatomy the study of STRUCTURE of the body (how the body IS PUT TOGETHER)
physiology the study of the FUNCTION of the body (how the body WORKS)
organ a structure within the body made up of TISSUES that allow it to PERFORM A PARTICULAR FUNCTION
cells BASIC UNIT OF LIFE
tissue a collection of similar cells and their intercellular substances that WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A PARTICULAR FUNCTION
skeletal or striated muscle voluntary muscles that can be consciously CONTROLLED, unlike involuntary muscles that work whether the BODY IS CONSCIOUS OR UNCONSCIOUS
cardiac muscle the MUSCLE OF THE HEART, adapted to continued RHYTHMIC CONTRACTION
smooth or visceral muscle a muscle tissue that CONTRACTS WITHOUT VOLUNTARY CONTROL; contracts slowly and sustained over a longer time; FOUND IN INTERNAL ORGANS AND BLOOD VESSELS
abrasion an OPEN WOUND, ROAD BURN, OR RUG BURN IN WHICH THE OUTER LAYER OF SKIN HAS BEEN SCRAPED OFF
laceration A JAGGED TEAR IN FLESH
puncture wound A SOFT TISSUE INJURY CAUSED BY THE PENETRATION OF A SHARP OBJECT
incision A CLEAN, STRAIGHT, KNIFE-LIKE CUT
avulsion a PAINFUL soft tissue injury in which a FLAP OF TISSUE IS TORN LOOSE OR PULLED OFF COMPLETELY
callus A THICKENED, USUALLY PAINLESS, AREA OF SKIN CAUSED BY FRICTION OR PRESSURE
blister A BUBBLE-LIKE COLLECTION OF FLUID BENEATH OR WITHIN THE EPIDERMIS OF SKIN
paresthesia an ABDNORMAL SENSATION OF THE SKIN, such as numbness, tingling, prickling,or burning, with no APPARENT CAUSE
ecchymosis RUPTURED BLOOD VESSELS IN THE SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE, NOTICEABLE BY A PURPLE DISCOLORATION OF THE SKIN
Created by: Imari Wright