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QuestionAnswer
Digital Audio Original sound encoded in binary form as a series of 0s and 1s
Digital Photography A photographic method that stores the image digitally for later reproduction
Telephony The field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.
Internet/Broadband A worldwide computing system using a common means of linking hardware and transmitting digital information; A community of people using a common communication technology; a globally distributed system of information
social networking Users construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, 2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, 3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by system, connection, others within the system”
Digital Divide An economic inequality between groups in terms of access to, use of, or knowledge of information and communication technologies. not all countries have internet access. When you have access to digital technologies, you can get more information.
Why are people concerned about the Digital Divide? Inequality between haves & have-nots results in large # of people unable 2 contribute to this technological age both in the industrial & social sense. People can't contribute important content. Missing potential consumers that can contribute 2 the economy
Which is the best idea for bridging the digital divide: distribution of low cost laptops or cellular networks and mobile devices? Distributing Low Cost Laptops
Why is the distribution of low-cost laptops to those on the have-nots side the best way to bridge the digital divide? it provides them with a way to begin the journey towards technological competence, Provides opportunity to research and find information on the web > they inform peers & spread technology education
Is print dying as a communication medium? Print is dying as a communication medium due to the introduction of the World Wide Web
Is there a future for traditional over the air television and radio broadcasting (both analog and digital)? As it seems, no. Digital media is more convenience and Convenience is the preferred drug of modern society
What digital media are replacing OTA TV and radio? Satellite radio (Sirius), Internet radio (Pandora, Spotify) and Online playlists (8tracks), IPTV (TV delivered using Internet Protocol), streaming (TV and music)
What are the advantages and disadvantages of traditional broadcasting over the new alternatives such as Streaming, digital downloads, etc.? Advantages: Push instead of Pull technology, it's free & accessible those without access to high tech. Disadvantages: Less variety of content, power structure, limited broadcasting range
If you ran CBS (radio and TV) what would be your #1 priority in the next 5 years? Make more/all content available for streaming both online and through mobile devices.
Digital Photography: hardware Imaging software, Image processor, Memory cards, batteries, lenses, protective case, camera strap, extra batteries, charger
Digital Photography: software Photo editing software (photoshop CS, Adobe Lightroom, PhaseOne Final Cut), publishing/sharing software
Digital Photography: Organizational Infostructure Manufacturers, Distributers, Publishers
Digital Photography: Social Systems Falsification Issues, Privacy Issues, Governmental Agencies/Security
Digital Photography: Motivating Factors Better quality, faster, easier sharing, can immediately see photos that you have taken, can delete photos rather than printing all of them, cheaper than film photography
Digital Photography: Inhibiting Factors Cost, Digital Divide, Complicated (hard to use because of advanced equipment, worse quality than film,
Digital Photography: Enabling Factors Format compatibility, Cost of production, Increased memory, New photo software makes it easier to edit photos, more technologies are becoming compatible with digital photography, applications for sharing and publishing photos.
Digital Photography: Limiting Factors Format incompatibility, Cost of production, Competition, Hardware (battery dies), competition between digital photography manufacturers and software providers.
Digital Audio: Lossy vs. Lossless Lossy Removes unnecessary info, MP3, AAC, WMA Lossless no loss of info; exact copy. SHN, FLAC, WMA Lossless, WAVPack, ALAC
Digital Audio: Advantages no flipping it over, non-linear, no rewinding, less damage, easy/fast/convenient. Can buy 1 song rather than an entire album
Digital Audio: Disadvantages prone to skipping, expensive. Don't get the 'Whole album experience' (single song download), hurts quality of sound
Digital Audio: Policy and Laws Audio Home Recording Act (1992), No Electronic Theft Act (1997), Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998), Digital Rights Movement (DRM), Napster case, RIAA sues music lovers, MN woman fined $1.5 million
Digital Audio: Current Issues CD sales are down, Illegal downloading, artists not getting their cut
Digital Cameras: How it works Aperture and exposure time affects amount of light allowed in. Light reacts with image sensor. Light is converted into data. Image sensor make up of pixels determines resolution. Pixels assigned colors. ß Requires processing - exposure shift
Image Sensors: How it works Charged Coupled Device (CCD), Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)
Digital Photography: Advantages No need to purchase film, No darkroom development, can share digitally, can manipulate AFTER it's taken
Digital Photography: Disadvantages Expensive Equipment, not really learning photography, easily lose digital files
Digital Photography: Policy and Laws
Digital Photography: Current Issues Privacy and cheating, Photo falsification, retouching and verification, Internet distribution, Information theft
Telephony: How it Works (Transition System) Info passes from one point to another. Transmission Medium: Copper wires, coax, fiber optics, radio waves. transmission interfce equipment: Used to covert one form of transmission to another. Ex. Copper ‡ Fiber Optic
Telephony: How it Works (Switching System) Allows temporary connection of telephones: Early on operators; not computers. An exchange performs switching
Telephony: How it Works (Networks) Direct Connect, Centralized Network
Telephony: How it Works (Signaling System) Telephones inform the exchanges and the exchanges inform each other. Identify the customer: Who are you? What service do you need? How should I make these services work?
Telephony: Advantages Communicate with people far away, convenient
Telephony: Disadvantages
Telephony: Policy and Laws Telecom Act of 1996, Driving and Texting Laws
Telephony: Current Issues Wireless competition, Health, Tower issues, Etiquette, Reliance, Safety
Internet/Broadband: How it works (Transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP)) TCP: Breaks up data into packets, IP: Allows packets to find destination
Internet/Broadband: How it works (Accessing the Internet) Digital vs. Broadband: • Broadband networks: Cable, DSL, Wireless, Satellite, FTTH/FTTN, BPL, Mobile vs. Fixes
Internet/Broadband: Advantages
Internet/Broadband: Disadvantages
Internet/Broadband: Policy and Laws Decency issues, Filtering issues, Cybercrime, Privacy, Hacking/Virus/Worms, Net neutrality. Protect IP Act/Stop Online Piracy Act
Internet/Broadband: Current Issues E-Commerce Issues: Privacy and Fraud, Tax issues, Filtering issues, Decency Issues, Cybercrime including cyberstalking, hacking/virus/worms
Social Networking: How it Works Set up a profile and connect with friends and friends-of-friends.
Social Networking: Advantages Location-based services, Popularity of games, Page redesigns
Social Networking: Disadvantages
Social Networking: Policy and Laws
Social Networking: Current Issues Privacy, Bullying, Are they really your friends?, Inappropriate and excessive posting
Digital Audio: How it Works (1) 1) Sample of original sound taken (44.1 kHz for CD, 48 kHz for digital video, 96 kHz or 192.4 Khz for DVD-A, Blu-Ray, 2.8224 MHz for SACD, Bit level important 16-bit vs. 32-bit. 2) Original analog sound is encoded in binary form. 3) Formatted as MP3 (MPE
Digital Audio: How it Works (2) Original Analog Sound is recorded in Binary Form
Digital Audio: How it Works (3) Formated as MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3), AAC (Advanced Audio Codec (MPEG-4)), WMA (Windows Media Audio)
Digital Audio: How it Works (4) CDs (Compact Disk), Mini-Disk, DVD-A (DVD-Audio), SACD (Super Audio CD), and DAT (Digital Audio Tape)
Digital Audio: Audio Home Recording Act of 1992 killed audio tape; required people to put royalties on music CD’s
Digital Audio: No Electronic Theft Act of 1997 can’t share copyrighted material
Digital Audio: Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 ISP’s are required to be taken down of copyrighted material
Digital Photography: Content Instagram, facebook, Tumblr, Email, Flickr
Digital Photography: Organizational Infostructure Adobe, Sony, Kodak, Nikon, Lytro
Digital Photography: Social System Privacy(photos taken of you), falsification, journalism
Digital media replacing print includes Digital signage, e- books, e- readers, online magazines and newspapers , computers, online dictionaries.
Traditional Print: Advantages easier to read/ use that digital print, Environmentally friendly (digital highway signs use electricity), more credibility, tangible, lasts longer
Traditional Print: Disadvantages Less convenient than Digital, more expensive (textbooks), less mobile/portable, cannot access anything, anytime, anywhere, wear over time
Hearst Corporation A company that has grown from a single newspaper into one of the world’s most admired private media and information companies.
Priorities in Running the Hearst Corporation Go completely digital (continue to Go Green), develop interactive mediums to keep customers/employees personally connected and interested in the corporation.
Created by: 589152951