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Chapter 1

Test Monday 5:00

TermDefinition
Application software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks
Blog an informal Web site consisting of time-stamped articles in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order
Camera phone a phone that can send pictures messages often
Communication device a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers or mobile devices.
Computer an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions store in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store results for future use.
Computer literacy - aka digital literacy, involves having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) The use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly.
Convergence Trend of computers and devices with technologies that overlap
CPU (central processing unit) the electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operates the computer
Data a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, video.
Desktop computer Designed so that the system unit, input devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.
Developer Someone who develops software or writes the instructions that direct the computer to process data into information
Digital camera a device that allows users to take pictures and store photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film.
Digital literacy- - involves having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
E-boo a digital book, an electronic version of a printed book, readable on computers and other digital devices
E-book reader a handheld device that is used primarily for reading E-books.
Embedded computer- a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product
Enterprise computing The huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs.
Enterprise user Each employee or customer who uses a computer in the enterprise
Execute Carry out
FAQ- (Frequently asked questions) helps you find answers to commonly asked questions
Game console A mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games.
Graphical user interface (GUI) Where you interact with the software using text, graphics, and visual images such as icons.
Green computing- Reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer
Handheld computer a computer small enough to fit in one hand
Hardware Electric, electronic, and mechanical components in a computer
Home user those who spend time on the computer; personal financial management, Web access, communications, and entertainment.
Information Conveys meaning and is useful to people
Information processing cycle The series of input, output, and storage activities
Input device Any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer
Installing The process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware
Instant messaging A real-time Internet communication, where you exchange messages with other connected users.
Internet A worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions and individuals.
Internet-enabled- Able to connect to the internet
Laptop computer a portable, personal computer often designed to fit on your lap
Mainframe A large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously
Memory Consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions
Microblog- Such as Twitter, allows users to publish short messages
Mobile computer A personal computer you carry from place to place
Mobile Device - a computing device small enough to hold in your hand
Mobile users People who work on a mobile computer or device while away from a main office, or school.
Netbook A type of notebook computer, smaller, lighter, than and often not as powerful as a traditional notebook computer.
Network Collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media
Notebook computer a portable, personal computer often designed to fit on your lap
Online- when a computer, or other device is connected to a network
Online banking Users access to account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactions from the bank’s computer right into their computers
Online investing to buy and sell stocks and bonds- without using a broker.
Online social networking encourages members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users.
Operating system A set programs that coordinate all the activities among the computer hardware devices.
Output device Any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.
PDA Personal digital assistant, looks like a smart phone and provides personal information management functions such as a calendar, an appointment book, an address book, a calculator, and a notepad.
Personal computer A computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself
Picture message A photo or other image, sometimes along with sound and text, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile devices
Podcast- A recorded audio stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable media player such as an iPod.
Portable media player a mobile device on which you can store, organizes, and plays digital media
Power user Requires capabilities of a powerful desktop commuter, called a workstation.
Processor- the electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operates the computer
Program- a series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that the computer tells what task(s) to perform and how to perform them
Programmer Someone who develops software or writes the instructions that direct the computer to process data into information
Resources Hardware, software, data, and information
Run when the program is copied from storage to memory
Server Controls access to the hardware, software and other resources on a network and provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information.
Small office/home office (SOHO Includes any company with fewer than 50 employees, as well as the self-employed who work from home.
Smart phone an Internet-enabled phone that usually also provides personal information management functions such as a calendar, an appointment book, an address book, a calculator, and a notepad.
Social networking Web site- encourages members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users.
Software a series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that the computer tells what task(s) to perform and how to perform them.
Storage device - Records (Writes) and/or retrieves items to from the storage media.
Storage media where the computers keeps data, instructions, and information.
Supercomputer the fastest, most powerful computer- and is the most expensive.
System software consists of the programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its device
System unit - A case that contains electronic components of the computer that are used to process data.
Tablet PC- a special type of notebook computer that you can interact with by touching the screen with your finger or digital pen
Telecommuting A work arrangement in which employees work away from a company’s standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Telemedicine When health-care professionals in separate loctions conduct live conferences on the computer
Telesurgery a surgeon performs an operation on a patient who is not located in the same physical room as the surgeon.
Text message A short note, typically fewer than 300 characters, sent to or from with a phone or other mobile devices
Ultra-Mobile PC (UMPC)- a computer small enough to fin in one hand
User- Anyone who communicates with a computer or utilizes the information it generates
Utility program allows a user to perform maintenance-type task usually related to managing a computer, its device, or its program
Video message a short video clip, usually 30 seconds, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile devices.
Video phone a phone that can often send videos
Web Short for World Wide Web, is one of the more popular services on the Internet
Web 2.0 - Web Sites that provide a means for user to share personal information, allows users to modify the Web Site contents, and/or have software built into the site for users to access.
Web application - A Web Site that allows users to access and interact with software from any computer or device that is connected to the Internet
Web page contains text, graphics, animations, audio, and video.
Web site- A collection of related Web pages.
Created by: karmabites