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Beginning JavaScript Vocablulary

Array literals JavaScript arrays can contain any types of values and they can be of mixed types.
Accessing array elements Array elements' indexes start at 0 and increment by 1, so the first element's index is 0, the second element's index is 1, the third element's is 2, etc.
Multi-dimensional Arrays A two-dimensional array is an array within an array. If you fill this array with another array you get a three-dimensional array and so on.
Array constructor
Accessing nested array elements Accessing multi dimensional array elements is quite similar to one-dimension arrays . They are accessed by using [index][index]..... (number of them depends upon the number of arrays deep you want to go inside).
Booleans weather something is true or false.
Boolean logical operators
Comparison operators
Code Comments Code comments are used for increasing the readability of the code.If you write 100 lines of code and then forget what each function did
Single Line Comment Anything on the line following // will be a comment while anything before will still be code.
Multi-Line Comment Anything between /* and */ will be a comment.
console.log Prints text to the console. Useful for debugging
console.time function that starts a timer
console.timeEnd Stops a timer that was previously started by calling console.time().
Function definition A function is a JavaScript procedure—a set of statements that performs a task or calculates a value.It is like a reusable piece of code.
Function calling
Function hoisting Declaring a function one way "hoists" it to the top of the call, and makes it available before it's actually defined.
if It simply states that if this condition is true , do this , else do something else ( or nothing ) . It occurs in varied forms.
else A fallback to an if statement. This will only get executed if the previous statement did not.
else if This is like an else statement, but with its own condition. It will only run if its condition is true, and the previous statement's condition was false.
For Loops You use for loops, if you know how often you'll loop. The most often used varName in loops is "i".
While Loops You use while loops, if you don't know how often you'll loop.
Do While Loops You use do while loops, if you have to loop at least once, but if you don't know how often.
random Returns a random number between 0 and 1.
floor Returns the largest integer less than or equal to a number.
pow Returns base raised to exponent.
ceil Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to a number.
PI Returns the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, approximately 3.14159 or in better terms, the value of PI (π).
sqrt Returns the square root of a number.
% (Modulus) it returns the remainder left after dividing the left hand side with the right hand side.
isNaN Returns true if the given number is not a number , else returns false.
Basic Arithmetic doing math to find out the variable
Prefix and Postfix increment/decrement operators Prefix increment / decrement operators are operators that first increase the value of the variable by 1 (increment) or decrease the value of an expression / variable by 1 (decrement) and then return this incremented / decremented value.
Object Literals
Property Access
Classes A class can be thought of as a template to create many objects with similar qualities. Classes are a fundamental component of object-oriented programming (OOP).
alert Display an alert dialog with the specified message and an OK button. Note: The alert dialog should be used for messages which do not require any response on the part of the user, other than the acknowledgement of the message.
prompt The prompt() displays a dialog with an optional message prompting the user to input some text. If the user clicks the "Cancel" button , null is returned.
length Returns the length of the string.
toUpperCase, toLowerCase Changes the cases of all the alphabetical letters in the string.
trim() Removes whitespace from both ends of the string.
replace() Returns a string with the first match substring replaced with a new substring.
charAt() Returns the specified character from a string. Characters in a string are indexed from left to right. The index of the first character is 0, and the index of the last character in a string called stringName is stringName.length - 1.
substring() Returns the sequence of characters between two indices within a string.
indexOf() Returns the index within the calling String object of the first occurrence of the specified value, starting the search at fromIndex, Returns -1 if the value is not found. The indexOf method is case sensitive.
switch Acts like a big if / else if / else chain. Checks a value against a list of cases, and executes the first case that is true. It goes on executing all other cases it finds after the first true case till it finds a breaking statement
Ternary Operator The ternary operator is usually used as a shortcut for the if statement.
Variable Assignment name a variable
Variable changing changing a variables name
Created by: 2015serinoa