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Morphology

Lecture 1

TermDefinition
orthographic words printed units we see on a page
tokens distinguish between the number of words on a page e.g CAT CAT CAT, one word, 3 tokens
word forms captures the sense in which related words have different shapes, e.g. cat and cats, have different shapes signified by italicisation
lexeme the way in which words are related e.g. goes, going, gone, go signified by small caps
grammatical word the particular way a given word form is related to its lexeme e.g. CATS = plural of cat
morpheme the units from which words are made contribute meaning to a word new words can be made from combining them may be a root or affix (most roots are free, affixes are always bound to a root) signified by {}
lexical item cannot construe its meaning from the meaning of the component morpheme(s), have to be learnt and memorised sometimes 1-1 relationship between lexeme & lexical item - 'cat' to CAT, however CATTY is not a lexical item signified by '____'
word class set of words which show the same grammatical behaviour e.g. noun, adjective, verb
Created by: beeps
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