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dysphasia normal swa

normal swallowing process

what are the 4 stages of swallowing process? oral preparatory stage oral stage pharyngeal stage esophageal stage
what is the oral preparatory stage made of? 1. food is chewed (masticated) 2. mixed with saliva 3. formed into a cohesive ball (bolus)
what is the oral stage made of? food is moved back through the mouth with a front-to-back squeezing action performed primarily by the tongue
what are the 3 stages of the pharyngeal stage? 1. food enters the upper throat area (above the voice box) 2. soft palate elevates 3. epiglottis closes off the trachea as the tongue moves backwards and the pharyngeal wall moves forward.
what does the stage being with and what do the actions help do during the pharyngeal stage? the stage begins with pharyngeal swallowing response (containing 4 stages). and these actions help force teh food downward to the esophagus.
what makes up the esophageal stage? food bolus enters teh esophagus and is moved to the stumach by squeezing action of the throat muscles.
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