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Classification: SCI

Levels of SCI's

If an individual has paraplegia what is spared and what is affected? UE function is spared but varying degree's of lower extremity, trunk, and pelvic organ function.
What are the functional impairments of individual with tetraplegia? The functional impairments are in the upper extremities, lower extremities, trunk and pelvic organs.
What is a common cause of an SCI? Traumatic impact
What are the different types of trauma impact? compression, penetrating injury and hyperextension and hyperflexion forces.
What is the common type of injury of an SCI? It involves flexion and rotation and also transection of the spinal cord.
What accident is common with a cervical flexion and rotation injuries? Rear end motor vehicle accidents.
What accident is common with cervical hyperflexion injuries? Anterior cord syndrome. Head on collision or a blow to the back of the head.
What accident is common with cervical hyperextension injuries? In older adults as a result of a fall. Central cord injury.
What accident is common with compression injuries? Diving accidents which are a combination of compression and flexion forces. Can also be caused by osteoporosis, osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Created by: lcurtis