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PD

Parkinson's Disease

QuestionAnswer
What is the Parkinson's Disease? A chronic progressive neurologic condition that affects the motor system. An increase in dopamine in the substantia nigra in the basal ganglia in the brain.
What are the four main symptoms that can help classify PD? Bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor and postural instability.
What is Primary Parkinson Disease? The most common type of PD also called Idiopathic PD.
What is Secondary Parkinsonism? due to another disease such as alcoholism, TBI, psychotropic meds.
What is Parkinson-plus Syndromes? Multisytem atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy and Shy-Drager syndrome along with other symptoms of cerebellar dysfunction and dysautonomia.
What is the incidence of PD? Baby boomers-the disease pogresses and is more common with age. This disease occurs between the ages of 50-79 years. 10% of cases occur before age 40.
A client that presents with PD will have? Performance in ADL's will be affected. Slowing of oral movements can cause difficulty with speech. Micographia- small and cramped handwriting. Akinesia. Rigidity in trunk and extremities inability to swing the arms during walking.
What are some typical features of PD? Flexed posture, masked facies, dsyphagia, festinating gait, freezing episodes and fatigue. Postural deficits flexion of the head, neck and trunk forward displacement of COG.
What are the systemic manifestations of PD? Dementia, bradyphrenia, depression and dysautonomia. Low motivation and passivity related to depression or sensory deprivement from lack of movement.
Created by: lcurtis