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Unit 3 Key Terms

Age Discrimination Act in Employment prohibits discrimination against applicants and employees 40 years of age or older in hiring
Agency shop is a type of union arrangement in which employees are not required to join the union; however
Americans with Disability Act is a federal law that prohibits discrimination based on an individual’s disability if the disabled person is able to perform the essential functions of the job.
Closed shop is a type of union arrangement in which applicants must join the union before being hired by a company.
Disparate impact occurs when an employer creates a seemingly fair employment practice that has a negative impact on members of a protected class.
Employee is a person who works for an employer for a wage
Employer is a person or company who pays an employee a wage
Employment law is the division of law that governs the relationship between employers and employees.
Employment-at-will means that an employee or employer can terminate employment for any reason without being liable for breach of contract.
Express employment agreement is a formal contract that specifically states the terms and conditions of employment. This agreement can be oral or written.
Fair Labor Standards Act is a federal law that sets the minimum wage
Family and Medical Leave Act provides eligible employees with unpaid
Implied employment agreement is an employment contract in which the terms and conditions may be inferred through the actions
Independent contractor is a person who works for an employer for a wage
North Carolina Department of Labor promotes the general well-being
North Carolina Youth Employment Provisions of the Wage and Hour Act for Nonagricultural Occupations is a state law the sets the labor standards and guidelines for youth 17 years old and younger.
Occupational Safety and Health Act is a federal law that establishes and promotes workplace safety standards for businesses.
Open shop is a type of union arrangement in which employees are neither required to join the union nor pay union dues.
Right-to-Work Law is a state law that prohibits employees from requiring employees to join a union or pay union dues as a condition of employment.
Social Security Act was created to provide financial assistance to eligible workers and their dependents in the form of retirement
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 was created to strengthen civil rights laws
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment agencies
Unemployment Compensation is an insurance program that provides temporary income for qualified individuals who are unemployed through no fault of their own.
Union is a type of organization comprised of employees. The organization is formed to ensure favorable work conditions
Union shop is a type of union arrangement in which non-union applicants can be hired
Workers’ compensation is government-regulated program that provides medical benefits and income to employees who are injured or acquire a disease as a result of their job.
Actual authority is the express and implied powers of an agent.
Agency by agreement is an agency relationship that is created by an oral or written contract between the agent and principal.
Agency by estoppel is an agency relationship that is created because the principal’s action caused a third party to believe that an agency relationship exists.
Agency by ratification is an agency relationship that is created because the principal approved of an agents unauthorized action after the action occurred.
Agency by statute is an agency relationship created by state law.
Agency law is an area of law dealing with working relationships created between two parties.
Agent is the individual employed by the principal to work with the third party.
Agent’s agent is an agent appointed by another agent without the knowledge or consent of the principal.
Apparent authority occurs when the powers of the agent are created by law or circumstance.
Coagents are two or more agents working together.
General agent is an agent that is given the authority to perform a variety of tasks.
Gratuitous agent is an agent that works for free.
Partially disclosed agent is an agent that is given the authority to work with a third party but forbidden to reveal the identity of the principal.
Principal is the individual who gives authority to the agent.
Special agent is an agent that is given the authority to perform specific tasks.
Subagent is an agent appointed by another agent with the knowledge and consent of the principal.
Third party is the person or company whom the agent deals with on behalf of the principal.
Clean Air Act was created by the US Environmental Protection Agency to authorize the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to assist in the creations of law to protect the environment. This act was also established to handle problems such as acid rain
Clean Water Act creates guidelines that help to improve and maintain the biological
Department of Energy creates policies regarding energy and the safe handle of nuclear material. This agency promotes supply and delivery of reliable
Energy Independence and Security Act created to move nation towards energy independence and security by increasing clean renewable fuel production
Energy Policy Act provides policies for how different sources of energy are developed and used including oil and gas; tribal energy; nuclear matters; vehicles and motor fuels; hydrogen; hydropower and geothermal energy; and renewable energy.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the federal organization that ensures that all Americans are protected against specific hazards to the environment and human health where they learn
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission controls the price of natural gas and electricity for business transactions that occur b/w states (interstate). This agency manages transportation of electricity & natural gas.ensures that regulated energy companies r following guidelines set by the law.
National Environmental Policy Act established a national policy and goals for the protection
Nuclear Regulatory Commission safety policies & regulations 4 nuclear reactors and materials.5 member commission generates safety policies & regulations 4 nuclear reactors & materials & allows the Executive Director 4 Operations (EDO) 2 handle policies & decisions of the commission.
Pollution Protection Act requires that the government
Copyright is a right granted to the creators of artistic works
Doctrine of Fair Use permits the use of copyrighted information without permission
Intellectual property is product resulting from human creativity; an original work fixed in a tangible medium of expression.
Patent is a right granted to inventors of useful
Service Mark is a distinctive word
Trade dress is the distinctive appearance
Trade Secret is a right granted to businesses that allows them to prevent certain information from being obtained by its competitors.
Trademark is a distinctive word
Created by: garcia05



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