Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Historical Figures

excluding U.S. Presidents, writers, painters, and Supreme Court justices

Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931. Founded Hull House in Chicago where immigrants and homeless found shelter, education, and medical assistance. Addams
Nixon's vice president who resigned in 1973, pleading "no contest" to charges of income tax evasion while governor of Maryland. Agnew
Wrote "rags to riches" books based on the theme that honesty, hard work, and virtue will win and be rewarded; Ragged Dick, his first novel. Alger
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys and advocate of independence for Vermont during the American Revolution Allen
Suffragist and abolitionist, she was a leader and lecturer in the women's rights movement of the 19th century; with Stanton, she founded the National Woman Suffrage Organization and served as its president. Susan B. Anthony
Successfull general during the American Revolution; tried to sell West Point to the British Arnold
A black patriot killed in the Boston Massacre of 1770. Attucks
Carried out his father's plans to colonize 300 American families in Mexican-owned Texas, establishing the first authorized American settlement there. Austin
A young plantation owner whi led a group of indentured servants in a 1676 uprising against the colonial authorities headed by Sir William Berkely, governor of Virginia. The group accused Berkely of failing to protect them from raids by Native Americans. Bacon
first notable U.S. historian; wrote History of the United States of America (1834). "Father of U.S. History" Bancroft
A nurse in the Civil War, she founded the American Red Cross. Barton
Invented the telephone ( 1876). Bell
Wrote Looking Backward, 200-1887, describing an ideal U.S. as a utopian socialist society. Edward Bellamy
President of the Second Bank of the United States. Biddle
First woman to receive a medical degree in the U.S. Blackwell
The second governor of Plymouth; served over 30 years; wrote Of Plymouth Plantation. Bradford
Photographer of the Civil War. Brady
abolitionist who led a raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859; captured by troops led by Robert E. Lee. John Brown
delivered the "Cross of Gold" speech; three-time candidate for the presidency (1896, 1900, 1908); secretary of state under Wilson but resigned over U.S. involvement in WWI; prosecuting attorney at the Scopes Trial. Bryan
Vice- President under Jefferson; challenged Hamilton to a duel and shot him; was believed to be developing a plan to seize the Western territories and Mexico to buil an empire for himself. Burr
Secretary of State under Tyler; was Vice-President under John Q. Adams and Jackson; anonymously wrote the South Carolinas Exposition and Protest, calling the Tariff of Abominations unconstitutional and justifying the state's claimed power of nullification Calhoun
The leader of the American soldiers in the Vietnam war, who opened fire on about 350 unarmed Vietnamese civilians in My Lai (called the My Lai Massacre); occurred March 16, 1968. Calley
Established his own steel corporation which later joined with the U.S. Steel Corporation; wrote "The Gospel of Wealth"; used his wealth to establish over 2500 libraries and contributed to education. Carnegie
Marine biologist who wrote Silent Spring, which claimed that the use of chemicals was permanently harming the ecological balance of he world. Carson
African-American botanist and teacher at Tuskegee Institute; remembered for experiments with soybeans, sweet potatoes, and especially peanuts. Carver
Founded the League of Women Voters and helped establish the Women's Peace Party during WWI; directed the final massive drive for a constitutional amendment allowing women to vote. Catt
Secretary of State under John Q. Adams ("corrupt bargain"); leader of the War Hawks in Congress who urged war against Englans in 1812. Clay
Governor of New York who worked to construct the Erie Canal. Clinton
Led a group of unemployed workers from Ohio to Washington, D.C., in 1894, in the depth of the depression the financial panic of 1893. Coxey
Secretary of War under Pierce; president of the Confederate States of America. Davis
Led the Pullman strike in 1894; Socialist presidential candidate five times, even from jail in 1920. Debs
Naval hero of the Spanish-American War when his fleet soundly defeated the Spanish in Manila Bay. George Dewey
Lost to FDR in 1944 and to Truman in 1948; the Dewey of the headline "Dewey Defeats Truman" Thomas Dewey
Worked to win human treatment for the insane. Dix
Spospred the Kansa-Nebraska Act in 1854, which included the idea of popular sovereignty; took part in a series of debates against Abraham Lincoln in the Senate race in 1858 in Illinois; defeated Lincoln in this race. Stephen Douglas
An escaped slave who became a prominent abolisyionist. Frederick Douglass
The first black to earn a Ph. D. degree from Harvard; wrote Souls of Black Folk, stating that blacks must speak out for equal rights; helped to found the NAACP, joined the Communist party, and moved to DuBois
critically injured in an accident, she recovered, attributing her recovery to prayer and spiritual mind control; as a result founded the Christian Science religion and the Chritian Science Monitor. Eddy
"The Wizard of Menlo Park," he invented the incandescent electric lamp, the phonograph, and the motion picture projector; said genius is "1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration." Edison
A leader of the Great Awakening, in 1741, he delivered the sermon "Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God." Edwards
The 1st cabinet official to be found guilty of a felony while in office; was secretary of the inferior under Harding; resigned because of his involvement in the Teapot Dome Scandal, in which he took bribes from oil men for illegal leases on public lands. Fall
Businessman and financier who planned and engineered the first transatlantic telegraph cable which ran from Newfoundland to Ireland. Field
Helped to cause the stock market crash in 1869 by trying to corner the gold marcket. Fisk and Gould
Published Poor Richard's Almanack; devised the lightning rod and developed bifocals; signed all 4 colonial documents; helped negotiated the Treaty of Paris (1783). Franklin
1st governor of California; ist presidential candidate of the new Republic Party (1856). Fremont
Wrote The Feminine Mystique (1963), which analyzed the role of women in American society and sparked the modern feminit movement. Frieden
Built the ist commercially successful steamboat, the Clermont. Fulton
Abolitionist who founded the Liberator. Garison
Created a modern version of the "back to Africa" movement; founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Garvey
Perfected barbed or twisted wire, patenting it in 1874; it helped end the open range in the West. Glidden
Cigarmaker who helped organize the American Federation of Labor and served as its president almost every year until he died. Gompers
Editor of the Atlantic Constitution; advocated a New South that had a commercial and industrial economy similar to the North. Grady
Founded the New York Tribune; said, "Go West, young man, and grow up with the country." Greeley
Born in the West Indies (Nevis), he co-authored The Federalist; was the 1st treasury secretary and responsible for creating the 1st Bank of the United States; killed in a duel with Burr. Hamilton
Was president of the Second Continental Congress; the 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence. Hancock
Managed the Republican presidential campaign of 1896 for McKinley; became Republican national chairman; his money, power, and success led to election to the U.S. Senate. Hanna
Private secretary to Lincoln; secretary of state under McKinley and TR; was responsible for the Open Door Policy toward China and treaties with Panama. Hay
Newspaper and magazine publisher, owned the New York Journal, manipulated public opinion against Spain in the Spanish-American War with yellow journalism. Hearst
Served in the Virginia House of Burgesses; said "Give me liberty of give me death"; was 5-time governor of Virginia. Henry
Called "the Empire Builder," he devekoped the Great Northern Railroad between the Great Lakes and the Pacific Northwest; he accomplished this without government subsidies. Hill
Puritan clergyman who became dissatisfied with Massachusetts and became the founder of Connecticut. Hooker
Governor of bothe Tennessee and Texas; defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jancito in 1836, which secured Texas' independence; was president of Texas. Houston
Invented the sewing machine. Howe
Served as secretary of state under FDR from 1933 to 1944; won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945; developed the Good Neighbor Policy; responsible for the initial plans that resulted in the United Nations. Hull
New England Puritan leader who was excommunicated from the church because of her belief that salvation could not be earned and her claim to an immediate revelation from God; moved with her family to Rhode Island where she founded Portsmouth. Hutchinson
Wrote A Century of Dishonor, telling about the U.S. government's ruthlessness in dealing with the Native Americans. Helen Hunt Jackson
1st African-American to to be a serious contender for the Presidency; headed the Rainbow Coalition, an independent political organization aimed at united racial minorities. Jesse Jackson
Named for his determined stand against the Union forces at the 1st Battle of Bull Run in 1861; was accidentally shot by one of his own troops after the Battle of Chancellorsville and died a week later. Stonewall Jackson
1st chief justice of the U.S.; was president of the Continental Congress; helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris (1783). Jay
Scottish-born naval hero of the American Revolution, he commanded several ships, including the Bonhomme Richard; defeated the Serapis, saying, "I have not yet begun to fight," when asked to surrender. Jones
Chief of the Nez Perce, advocated nonviolence toward white squatters on his nation's land and peaceful resistance to the Oregon government's effort to move his people; was the only major leader left when the Nez Perce surrendered in 1877. Chief Joseph
Baptist minister and black civil rights leader, he led a successful bu boycott protesting segregation in Montgomery; delivered the "I Have a Dream" speech; won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964; killed in Memphis in 1968 by James Earl Ray. Martin Luther King, Jr.
German-born foreign policy specialist; taught at Harvard in the 1950's and '60's; was secretary of state under Nixon and Ford; negotiated the cease-fire agreements ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in 1973, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize. Kissinger
Governor of Wisconsin, he helped found the Progressive movement and was the Progressive party candidate for president in the election of 1924; called "Fighting Bob" because of his deep commitment to his beliefs. LaFollette
Confederate war general; became commander in chief of all Confederate armies just prior to the fall of Richmond in April, 1865; surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1856; spent his final years as president of Washington College. Lee
Head of the United Mine Workers from 1920 to 1960. John L. Lewis
Sent by Jefferson in 1804 to investigate the resources the U.S. had acquired in the Louisiana Purchase (1803). Lewis and Clark
Called the "Lone Eagle" and "Lucky Lindy," he made the 1st solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic in the Spirit of St. Louis in 1927, flying from New York to Paris in 33 1/2 hours. Lindbergh
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, fervent isolationist, led the oppostition in the Senate against ratifying the Treaty of Versailles and joining the League of Nations. Lodge
Called "Kingfish," he became governor of Lousiana in 1928 on the platform of "every man a king"; criticized the New Deal and proposed to end the Depression with his Share-Our-Wealth movement. Long
General who commanded Allied troops in the Pacific during WWII, supervised the postwar occupation of Japan, and led United Nations forces during the Korean War; removed by Truman on charges of insubordination. MacArthur
A Republican senator from Wisconsin who charged that Communists had infiltrated the State Department and the U.S. Army; public hearings were held (1953-54) during this red scare; finally censured by the Senate. McCarthy
Invented the mechanical reaper, a device to gather and cut grain. McCormick
A Democratic South Dakota senator, he was the Democratic nominee in 1972, but lost in a landslide to Nixon McGovern
Secretary of state under Truman, he helped launch the the Marshall Plan to assist European recovery after the war, receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 for his efforts. Marshall
Financier, he was the most powerful banker; created the world's 1st billion-dollar business by purchasing U.S. Steel from Carnegie Morgan
Inventor and painter, principally known for his invention of the telegraph. Morse
Quaker reformer and abolitionist, she served as a delegate to the World Antislavery Convention in London in 1840 but was denied a seat because of her sex; with Stanton, she organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention. Mott
Consumer advocate who wrote an expose of safety standards in the automobile industry, Unsafe at Any Speed. Nader
German-born editorial and political cartoonist; created the Democrats' donkey, the Republicans' elephant, and the Tammany tiger. Nast
Temperance agitator and reformer; the widow of an alcoholic, she believed that she has a divine calling to destroy saloons; she began in Wichita, Kansas, to use a hatchet to ruin saloons, describing her actions as "hatchetations." Nation
Received a charter to establish the colony of Georgia in 1732; led debtors and other poverty-stricken immigrants to Savannah in 1733 and was the colony's 1st governor. Oglethorpe
Wrote the pamphlet, Common Sense, the first to advocate independence for the American colonies; wrote a series of 16 paphlets during the Revolution called The Crisi, which helped inspired the Revolutionaries. Paine
Called "the mother of the Civil Rights Movement," she was an African-American seamstress who in 1955 refused to give uo her seat on a bus in Montgomery to a white passenger as the law required; her arrest led to the loss of her job and a boycott. Parks
1st femal cabinet member; was secretary of labor under FDR. Perkins
Led a mission to Japan that opened the nation's ports to world trade. Matthew, Perry
Commander of U.S. naval forces on Lake Erie during the War of 1812. Oliver Perry
Called "Black Jack," because he commanded Buffalo Soldiers; in 1916 he pursued Pancho Villa in Mexico (didn't catch him); commander of the American Expeditionary Forced in France during WWI. Pershing
Hungarian-born editor and publisher; after making a fortune from merging two St. Louis newspapers, he bought the New York World, whose competition was Hearst's New York Journal; this competition brought about yellow journalism. Pulitzer
Black labor and civil rights leader, he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in 1925; directed marches on Washington, D.C. Randolph
Created by: mcenaney