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BL Unit 3_ KL

BL_Unit 3

TermDefinition
Age Discrimination Act in Employment prohibits discrimination against applicants and employees 40 years of age or older in hiring, promotion, termination, and other employment practices.
Agency shop a type of union arrangement in which employees are not required to join the union; however, they are required to pay union dues.
Americans with Disability Act a federal law that prohibits discrimination based on an individual’s disability if the disabled person is able to perform the essential functions of the job.
Closed shop a type of union arrangement in which applicants must join the union before being hired by a company.
Disparate impact occurs when an employer creates a seemingly fair employment practice that has a negative impact on members of a protected class.
Employee a person who works for an employer for a wage, salary, payment or fee. The person is under the control and supervision of the employer.
Employer a person or company who pays an employee a wage, salary, payment or fee in exchanges for supervising and controlling the employee’s activities.
Employment law the division of law that governs the relationship between employers and employees.
Employment-at-will means that an employee or employer can terminate employment for any reason without being liable for breach of contract.
Express employment agreement a formal contract that specifically states the terms and conditions of employment. This agreement can be oral or written.
Fair Labor Standards Act a federal law that sets the minimum wage, overtime pay, and age requirements for certain types of employees.
Family and Medical Leave Act provides eligible employees with unpaid, job-protected leave for certain family or medical conditions.
Implied employment agreement an employment contract in which the terms and conditions may be inferred through the actions, comments, promises, and employment practices of either the employer or employee.
Independent contractor a person who works for an employer for a wage, salary, payment or fee. The person is not subject to the control and supervision of the employer.
North Carolina Department of Labor promotes the general well-being, safety, and health of NC workers.
North Carolina Youth Employment Provisions of the Wage and Hour Act for Nonagricultural Occupations a state law the sets the labor standards and guidelines for youth 17 years old and younger.
Occupational Safety and Health Act a federal law that establishes and promotes workplace safety standards for businesses.
Actual authority the express and implied powers of an agent.
Agency by agreement an agency relationship that is created by an oral or written contract between the agent and principal.
Agency by estoppel an agency relationship that is created because the principal’s action caused a third party to believe that an agency relationship exists.
Agency by ratification an agency relationship that is created because the principal approved of an agents unauthorized action after the action occurred.
Agency by statute an agency relationship created by state law.
Agency law an area of law dealing with working relationships created between two parties.
Agent the individual employed by the principal to work with the third party.
Agent’s agent an agent appointed by another agent without the knowledge or consent of the principal.
Apparent authority occurs when the powers of the agent are created by law or circumstance.
Coagents are two or more agents working together.
General agent an agent that is given the authority to perform a variety of tasks.
Gratuitous agent an agent that works for free.
Partially disclosed agent an agent that is given the authority to work with a third party but forbidden to reveal the identity of the principal.
Principal the individual who gives authority to the agent.
Special agent an agent that is given the authority to perform specific tasks
Subagent an agent appointed by another agent with the knowledge and consent of the principal.
Third party the person or company whom the agent deals with on behalf of the principal.
Clean Air Act was created by the US Environmental Protection Agency to assist in the creations of law to protect the environment. This act was also established to handle problems such as acid rain, ground-level ozone, and air toxics
Clean Water Act creates guidelines that help to improve and maintain the biological, physical, and chemical quality of waterways. This act also protects fish, shellfish, and wildlife in waterways.
Department of Energy creates policies regarding energy and the safe handle of nuclear material. This agency promotes supply and delivery of reliable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy.
Energy Independence and Security Act created to move nation towards energy independence and security by increasing clean renewable fuel production, increasing research on greenhouse gas, and improve the government’s energy performance.
Energy Policy Act provides policies for how different sources of energy are developed and used including oil and gas; tribal energy; nuclear matters; vehicles and motor fuels; hydrogen; hydropower and geothermal energy; and renewable energy.
Environmental Protection Agency ensures that all Americans are protected against specific hazards to the environment and human health. This agency manages all federal antipollution programs. It also handles air, solid waste, toxic substances, and pesticides.
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission controls the price of natural gas and electricity for business transactions (interstate). manages transportation of electricity and natural gas. It also ensures that regulated energy companies are following guidelines set by the law.
National Environmental Policy Act established a national policy and goals for the protection, maintenance, and enrichment of the environment. This act explains consequences for environmental violation. It also prevents or eliminates damage to the environment.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission generates safety policies and regulations for nuclear reactors and materials.generates safety policies and regulations for nuclear reactors and materials and allows the Executive Director for Operations to handle policies and decisions of the commission.
Pollution Protection Act requires the government, businesses, and people reduce the amount of any substance entering the air, waterways, and land.establishes activities for recycling, source reduction, and sustainable agriculture. helps promote the conservation of energy, water,
Copyright a right granted to the creators of artistic works, such as sound recordings, choreography, and computer programs.
Doctrine of Fair Use permits the use of copyrighted information without permission, if the work is used for specific purposes
Intellectual property product resulting from human creativity; an original work fixed in a tangible medium of expression.
Patent a right granted to inventors of useful, unique, and non-obvious processes.
Service Mark a distinctive word, name, symbol, or device that identifies a service.
Trade dress the distinctive appearance, color, shape, style, texture, and size of a product or service
Trade Secret a right granted to businesses that allows them to prevent certain information from being obtained by its competitors
Trademark a distinctive word, name, symbol, or device that identifies a product.
Created by: Kiara Leach