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Short Story Elements

Short Story Elements Vocabulary

1st Person Point of View One character tells the story from his or point of view. Uses I, Me, My, We, Us, Our, Ours
3rd Person Point of View An outside character tells the story; can be limited (one character) or omniscient (multiple characters)
Antagonist The character or force that opposes the protagonist
Character A person, animal, or thing in a story that drives the action. Answers the question of "who" in a story or literary work.
conflict a struggle between opposing characters or forces. group into Man v. Man, Man v. nature, Man v. Self, Man v. Society, Man v. Fate
dramatic irony Occurs when the audience or reader knows something a character does not know.
plot The series of related events that make up a story.
protagonist The central character of the story. Usually considered the hero or heroine
setting The time and place of a story, play, or narrative poem.
situational irony An occasion in which what happens is very different from what we expect
verbal irony An occasion that involves the contrast between what is said and what is really meant.
Exposition Part of the story that establishes setting, introduces characters, and introduces the problem.
Climax The turning point of the story
Resolution How the story ends
Rising Action The action in the plot including main events that leads directly to the climax
Falling Action The action of the story after the climax that leads directly to the resolution.
static A character who DOES NOT change
dynamic A character whose overall personality, beliefs, or morals change in the story
Created by: Mrs.Werth
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