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Poetry Terms

Poetry and Figurative Language

poetry A form of writing that is imaginative, emotional, and thought-provoking.
simile A comparison between two things using the words like or as.
metaphor A comparison between two unrelated things NOT using like or as.
hyperbole Figures of speech that are entirely exaggerated in order to make a point.
rhyme Recurring identical or similar final word sounds within or at the ends of lines of poetry.
rhythm We can feel and understand this part of poetry in songs and dance.Pattern of strong and weak stresses on words to give the poem motion.
repetition Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas to make a point or create rhythm.
alliteration Repetition of beginning sounds in two or more words in a line or stanza.
onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning.
rhyme pattern Organized patterns of rhyming words in poetry.
Haiku A 17 syllable, three line, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature.
Limerick A 5 line, rhymed, rhythmic, poem that is usually humorous.
Ballad A song like narrative(story) poem that uses rhyme, rhythm, and repetition.
Free Verse Poetry with no regular rhyme pattern, or rhythm.
imagery Use of images to describe something in a way that helps the reader visualize(or see) what is happening.
voice The way an author writes. An author's choice of words, figurative language, rhyme, rhythm,and or repetition.
tone The author's attitude or feeling about the text.
theme The author's lesson, message,or moral about life.
personification Giving human characteristics to animals, objects, or ideas.
idiom A phrase that says one thing but means another.
stanza A group of lines in a poem.
line a row of words in a poem.
mood How the writing makes the reader feel.


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