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Nursing Vocab

Vital signs

Apical Pulse the pulse on the left side of the chest below the nipple
Apnea the absence of breathing
BPM The medical abbreviation for beats per minute
Brachial Pulse the pulse inside the elbow about 1 to 1 and a half inches above the elbow
Bradycardia a slow heart rate
Cheyne Stokes Respirations type of respiration with periods of apnea lasting at least 10 seconds along with alternating periods of slow, irregular respirations and rapid, shallow respirations
Diastolic second measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart relaxes
Dialate to widen
Dyspnea difficulty breathing
eupnea normal respirations
expiration the process of exhaling air out of the lungs
hypertension high blood pressure measuring 140/90 or higher
hypotension low blood pressure measuring 100/60 or lower
hypothermia a condition in which body temperature drops below the level required for normal functioning
inspiration the process of inhaling air into the lungs
orthopnea shortness of breath when lying down that is relived by sitting up
Orthostatic Hypotension A sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when a person stands or sits up; also called postural hypotension
Prehypertension A condition in which a person has a systolic measurement of 120-139 mm Hg and a distolic measurement of 80-89 mm Hg: indicator that the person is likely to have high blood pressure in the future, even though he or she does not have it now
Radical pulse the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radical artery runs just beneath the skin
Respiration the process of inhaling air into the lungs and the process of exhaling air out the lungs
Sphygmomanometer a device that measures blood pressure
stethoscope an instrument used to hear sounds in the human body, such as the heartbeat or pulse,breathing sounds, or bowel sounds
systolic first measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
tachycardia a fast heartbeat--over 100 beats per minute.
tachypnea rapid respiration-- over 20 breaths per minute
thermometer a device used for measuring the degree of heat or cold.
Created by: Cytyra martineau