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Cardiovascular Syste

Cardiovascular System with Diagram

TermDefinition
cardio heart
vascular vessels
valves prevents blood from flowing backwards; makes sound of the heart
arteries carries blood away from the heart; largest
capillaries smallest vessel; one cell thick
veins/afferent vessels carry blood back to the heart
CO2 major waste brought by capillaries
systemic type circulation throughout the body
pulmonary type circulation from lungs to heart and back
arthrosclerosis hardening of the arteries
hypertension high blood pressure
stroke clogged or broken vessel in brain
heart attack clogged or broken vessel in heart
heart failure heart cannot pump enough blood to meet body's needs
Systemic circuit Transport blood to and from the rest of the body
Efferent Vessels Carry blood away from the heart
Capillaries are called exchange vessels because their thin walls permit the exchange of nutrients, dissolved gases, and wastes between the blood and tissue
Your heart bumps about how many liters of blood? 8000
The heart has how many muscular chambers? four
The right atrium receives blood from the ________ systemic circuit
The right atrium passes the systemic circuit to the __________ right ventricle
The left atrium pumps blood into the___________ pulmonary circuit
The atrium collects blood from the pulmonary circuit and empties it into the _______________ left ventricle
The left ventricle pumps blood into the __________
Each circuit begins and ends at the heart and contains _________ arteries, capillaries, and veins
The heart is a ___________ chambered organ supplied by the ________, that pumps_________ oxygen-poor blood to the ________and _________to the rest of the body The heart is a four chambered organ supplied by the coronary circulation, that pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs and oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body
The heart is located near the _________chest wall, directly _______ to the sternum The heart is located near the anterior chest wall, directly posterior to the sternum
_________and______are connected to the superior end of the heart at it base veins and arteries
The base sits ___________ to the _________ at the level of the third costal cartilage centered ________1.2cm(0.5in) to the left side posterior to the sternum centered 1.2cm(0.5in)
inferior pointed tip of the heart is the ____________ Apex
A typical _______ heart measures approximately _________ from the base of the apex Adult hear measures 12.5cm(5in)
The base to the apex reaches the fifth ________ space approximately _______to the left of the midline intercostal space approximately 7.5cm (3in)
Created by: jkinard1