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Logical Fallacies

RHETORICAL TERMS FOR AP LANG

TermDefinition/Example
Strawman Definition: Strawman fallacy misrepresents the position of the opposing side in such a way that the opposing position appears obviously false or ridiculous.
Strawman Example: People who think abortion should be banned have no respect for the rights of women. They treat them as nothing but baby-making machines. That's wrong. Women must have the right to choose.
Undistributed Middle Definition: Any form of categorical syllogism in which the middle term is not distributed at least once.
Undistributed Middle Example: [O]ne patient…concluded that there are money-trees because "money is green [in the United States] and so are trees, so money must grow on trees."
Simple Cause Definition: The effect is caused by a number of objects or events, of which the cause identified is only a part. A variation of this is the feedback loop where the effect is itself a part of the cause.
Simple Cause Example: The accident was caused by the poor location of the bush. (True, but it wouldn't have occurred had the driver not been drunk and the pedestrian not been jaywalking.)
Created by: owilson2014