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Elements/Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
what are the elements of design space, line, shape, form, texture, and color
what are the principles of design balance, rhythm, proportion/scale, emphasis and unity
what is the principle repetition example of rhythm: design is copied or repeated
how does texture affect color -smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces (making them brighter and lighter) - rough surfaces absorb more light (making them look darker and less intense)
what do curved lines suggest adds a soft, graceful effect to designs - too many will make a design busy
what is the difference between horizontal, vertical and radial balance horizontal - left and right parts are equal vertical - top and bottom parts are equal radial - elements radiate out from design
what do diagonal lines suggest informality and restfulness
what is space the area provided for a particular purpose
what are the 4 types of rhythm gradation, radiation, repetition and continuous line
what is asymmetrical balance? example? parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight example: when the room has things in the room that are similar but are not exactly the same
what is the difference between shape and form shape has 2 dimensions and form has 3 dimensions
what are the 5 types of balance symmetrical, asymmetrical, vertical, horizontal and radial
what does unity or harmony mean? all elements and principles of design work together to create harmony
what are the two things texture involves? how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel
what are the 4 types of lines? vertical, horizontal, diagonal and curved
what is proportion? each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole
which of the 5 types of balance suggests excitement or interest? symmetrical
that is symmetrical balance? example? when both parts are identical example: plants
what is emphasis? what is another name for it? emphasis is one object or item that stands out AKA focal point
what happens when you use a continuous line? it creates a continuous line for the eye to fallow
what is another name for symmetrical balance? formal balance
what is another name for asymmetrical balance? informal balance?
what is the difference between gradation and radiation? gradation is is when designs increase or decrease in size. radiation is when lines or designs move out from the center point
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