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Elements and Principles of Design

What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, and Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, and Unity
What is the principle repetition? Occurs when the design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, and rough surfaces absorb more light. Therefore, smooth surfaces looker lighter and brighter and rough surfaces look darker.
What do curved lines suggest? Curved lines add a soft, graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? In vertical balance, the top and bottom parts are equal. In horizontal balance, the left and right parts are equal. In radial balance, the elements radiate out of the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action movement and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example. Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. For example, a room where there is a teapot that equally balances a vase of flowers.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical lines lead the eye up and make rooms look taller, where horizontal lines lead the eye from side to side and make rooms look shorter and wider.
What is the golden mean? 3-5 ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is two dimensional, whereas form is three dimensional.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical Balance, Asymmetrical Balance, Radial Balance, Horizontal Balance, and Vertical Balance.
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? How the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of lines? Vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved
What is proportion? Proportion means that each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole.
What of the five types of balance suggest excitement or interest? Radial balance
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Symmetrical balance is when both parts are identical, like an insect.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object or item stands out. It is also called the focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? Creates a line around the room for your eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal Balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when design increase or decrease in size. Radiation is when designs move out from a center point.
Created by: jbowne