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Walker 4/5

elements and principals of design

What are the elements of design? space, line, shape, form, texture, and color
What are the principals of design? balance, rhythm, proportion/scale, emphasis, unity
What is the principal repetition? design is copied or repeated
How does texture effect color? smooth- brighter and lighter rough- darker and less intense
What do curved lines suggest? soft and graceful
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? horizontal- left and right parts are equal vertical- top and bottom parts are equal radial- elements radiate out from design
What do diagonal lines suggest? action, movement, and excitement
What is space? the area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line
What is asymmetrical balance? example? parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight ex: one big candle on one side and two small ones on the other
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? horizontal- leads eye left to right, suggests informality and restfulness, room appears wider and shorter vertical- leads eye up, adds height, formality, and strength, room appears taller
What is the golden mean? 3-5 ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? shape has 2 dimensions, form has 3
What are the 5 types of balance? symmetrical, asymmetrical, vertical, horizontal, and radial
What does unity or harmony mean? all elements and principals of design work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? how the surface feels and appears to feel
What are the four types of line? vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved
What is proportion? how the design is visually divided/ each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? horizontal
What is symmetrical balance? example? when both parts are identical ex: plants, insects, or humans
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? one object or item that stands out another name is focal point
What happens when you use a continuous line? your eye follows it around the room
What is another name for symmetrical balance? formal
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? informal
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? gradation- designs increase or decrease in size or one element of design changes radiation- lines or designs move out from center point
Created by: katiewalker