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Viruses

QuestionAnswer
A malicious software program that is created expressly for the purpose of causing damage to a computer system is called a(n) Computer Virus
In the ___ stage, the virus arrives by way of floppy disk, CD, e-mail, or a network connection. Infection
In the ___ stage, the virus duplicates itself to other programs, files, drives, or other computers on a network Replication
Some forms of ___(s) are harmless and just annoying; others can be very destructive Execution
All viruses have a(n) ___, which describes the virus. Signature
Virus designed to go unprotected and leave a back door into your system. Back door virus
A destructive program that is slipped into an application and waits dormant until some event takes place, allowing the virus to spread to other computers before releasing its payload Logic Bomb
A common virus created using a macro programming language. It is attached to documents that use the language. Macro Virus
An extremely destructive virus that attacks the master boot record of a hard disk, resulting in hard disk failure MBR Virus
A class of virus that appears as a gift, such as a free download of a game or utility program or an e-mail attachment. Trojan horse
A destructive program that contaminates files on the infected computer and spreads itself to other computers without prompting from the user. worm
A collection of infected computers that are controlled by a source computer botnet
A false message spread about a real or unreal virus. hoax
A virus that steals passwords password virus
A virus that changes as it evolves so that it may go undetected by antivirus programs. polymorphic virus
A collection of software programs that an intruder installs on a computer that allows the intruder to take total control at a level equal to the system administrator. rootkit
Virus that hides from normal detection by incorporating itself into part of a known, and usually required, program for the computer. stealth virus
Designed to support advertisements, such as popups and may also gather information about the user. Adware
Used to gather information about a user's Web browsing habits for marketing purposes. data miner
A collection of malware that is not regarded as very dangerous, but rather more of a nuisance. Grayware
Malware that keeps track of all keys pressed by the user. Keylogger
A method of using e-mail to impersonate a legitimate company or institution, thus fooling the user into believing the e-mail is from a trusted source. phishing
Unsolicited junk e-mail or junk electronic newsletters. Spam
Program that changes the Internet Explorer browser configuration, such as replacing the default home page. browser hijacker
A small text file used to send information about a user to a server. cookie
A program that automatically disables a telephone modem that is dialing a number and automatically switches to another phone number. dialer
The deceptive practice based on poisoning a DNS server with an incorrect IP address for a Web site. pharming
Designed to track a user's habits, such as their Web browsing habits. spyware
The first step in virus removal is to _____ the virus. identify
The characteristics of a virus are found in the virus's ____ file. signature
Most viruses and worms have hidden, system, or read only file attributes set to help ___ it. protect
The second step in virus removal is to ___ the virus. Remove
If there is no ___ prepared, you can usually find step-by-step instructions on the Web. removal tool
To ensure the complete removal of a virus, you should ____ all CDs, floppy disks, and Flash drives. scan
Created by: dhampton00