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Sports Med Terms

TermDefinition
Anatomical Position Erect, with palms and feet forward.
Frontal Plane Divides posterior/ anterior (coronal)
Sagittal Plane Divides right/left
Transverse Plane Divides superior/ inferior (horizontal)
Superior Above in trunk or head
Inferior Below in trunk or head
Proximal Relatively close to the attachment
Distal Relatively far from the attachment
Anterior In front of
Posterior Behind
Medial Relatively close to the midline
Lateral Relatively far from the midline
Midline Imaginary vertical line following the midsagittal plane
Superficial Around
Deep Within
Prone Face down
Supine Face up
Unilateral Pertaining to one side
Bilateral Pertaining to both sides
Ipsilateral Pertaining to the same side
Contralateral Pertaining to the opposite side
Flexion Sagittal; decreases the angle of a joint
Extension Sagittal; increases angle of a joint
Hyperextension Sagittal; extends joint past 180 degrees
Dorsiflexion Sagittal; toe up
Plantar Flexion Sagittal; toe down
Adduction Coronal; move towards midline
Abduction Coronal; move away from midline
Ulnar Deviation Coronal; wrist adduction
Radial Deviation Coronal; wrist abduction
Ankle Inversion Coronal; ankle adduction
Ankle Eversion Coronal; ankle abduction
Circumduction Biplanar; (flexion/extension)+(abduction/adduction)
Elevation Coronal; move up
Depression Coronal; move down
Rotation Transverse; spin on axis
Supination/ Pronation Transverse; elbow rotation
Protraction Sagittal; forward
Retraction Sagittal; backward
Opposition Awesome thumb action
Abrasion Minor wound involving rubbing off or scraping of skin's surface
Acclimatization Process of the body physiologically adapting to an unfamiliar environment such as altitude or temperature
Acute Sudden onset
Aerobic Exercise involving oxygen
Amnesia Lack or loss of memory de to trauma, shock, fatigue, or illness
Anaerobic Exercise not involving oxygen
Analgesic Pain-killer
Articulation Site at which bones meet
Atrophy Wasting away of tissue due to lack of use thus decreasing size
Avulsion Tearing or pulling away of tissue
Bursa Fluid-filled joint sack; reduces friction
Bursitis Inflammation of the bursa
Cartilage Padding between bones
Chronic Of long duration
Constriction Pinching off or becoming smaller; contracting
Contraindicate To advise against
Contralateral On opposite side
Contusion Crushing injury usually resulting in a bruise
Crepitus Crackling sound or feeling
Cryotherapy Treatment involving cold
Cyanosis Blueness due to lack of oxygen
Diagnosis Label given to a certain condition by a professional
Dilation State of becoming enlarged
Dislocation Removal of a bone from its joint
Ecchymosis Discoloration
Edema Widespread swelling due to accumulation of fluid in a cavity
Effusion Localized swelling in a joint
Fracture A break in a bone
Hematoma Swelling composed of blood
Hydrotherapy Treatment involving water
Incision Cut w/ sharp knife
Indicate Advise
Inflammation The body's natural reaction to injury involving redness, swelling, heat, pain, sometimes loss of function
Innervate To supply with nerves
Joint laxity Degree of joint looseness
Laceration Jagged tear or cut
Ligament Tissue that connects bone to bone
Mechanism of injury Means by which an injury occurs
Modality Method for treatment
Palpation Examination by touch
Point tenderness Pain at a point
Prognosis Predicted outcome of a condition
Proprioception Sense of body's position in space
Range of Motion Movement of joints around a central point
Reduction Putting a bone back into it's normal position
Referred pain Pain that occurs away from the injury site
Separation Pulling apart of a non-moveable joint
Shock Failure of the cardiovascular system to circulate enough blood
Sprain Stretching or tearing of ligaments
Strain Stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons
Subluxation Partial dislocation
Tendon Tissue connecting muscle to bone
Thermotherapy Treatment involving heat
Valgus Distal segment is lateral
Varus Distal segment is medial
Vasoconstrictor Agent causing constriction of blood vessels
Vasodilator Agent causing dilation of blood vessels
Created by: 1390526848