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Art Smart Glossary

UIL Art Contest Glossary 2013-2015

TermDefinition
Abstract a general style of painting characterized by subjects that were not realistic
Allegory a work that uses symbols to stand for ideas or to convey messages
Art Elements the artistic ingredients painters use to create a painting
Background that part of a painting that seems farthest away from the viewer
Baroque a period of art history from 1600-1750 that were usually formal, show tiny details of scenery and costume, have a great sense of energy and movement, and often include sharp contrasts between light and dark areas of the paintings
Canvas treated fabric, stretched over a frame, to which paint is applied
Cityscape a type of landscape painting that features scenes of streets, buildings, and other city features
Complementary Colors pairs of colors that are farthest away from each other on the color wheel
Composition how individual art elements, like light, color, lines and shapes, work with each other and as a whole to form a complete painting
Contrast a comparison that draws attention to the differences between things
Cool Colors colors such as blue, green, lavender, purple, and others, that we associate with cool or cold temperatures
Cubism a style of painting where artists took familiar objects from everyday life, broke them up into geometric figures like cubes and triangles, then put them back together
Fauvism a style of painting with shockingly bright colors and strange or twisted forms of human figures and other objects
Foreground that part of a painting that seems closest to the viewer
Form the three-dimensional shape of an object
Genre Painting a painting of ordinary people engaged in common, everyday activities
History and Legend Painting a painting that tells a story about important people or important events
Impressionism a style of painting where artist placed different colors side-by-side very close together on the canvas, letting viewers' eyes blend the colors together
Landscape a painting of an outdoor view that features large areas of natural scenery
Light the source of light in a painting
Lines lines drawn by a artist to mark the edges of something
Modern a period of art history 1750-1900
Mood the feelings and emotions an artist wants viewers to experience when we look at a painting
Neoclassicism a style of painting which imitated the style of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture and architecture
Neutral Colors colors such as black, white, tan and beige, which have neither a warm nor a cool effect in painting
Perspective the illusion of depth or distance
Point of View the position from which the viewer sees objects in a painting
Pointillism a style of painting in which the picture is composed of tiny dots, or points, of color placed very close to one another on the canvas
Portrait a painting of a person, usually one formally posed and looking outward from the painting
Primary Colors red, yellow, and blue, colors that cannot be made by putting others colors together
Renaissance a period in art history, 1400-1600, where techniques of showing perspective and methods of painting with oil-based paints were developed.
Rhythm something that repeats, and creates a kind of pattern
Rococo a decorative style of painting, usually of wealthy people engaged in activities of recreation or amusement
Romanticism a style of painting where the artist believed that painting should express emotions about man in the modern world
Seascape a type of landscape painting that features large expanses of water
Secondary Colors colors like green, purple, and orange that can be created by combining primary colors
Still Life a painting of objects that do not move, a close-up view and carefully arranged groups of objects, shown in an indoor setting, often on a table top
Symbol something that stands for or suggests an idea
Texture the way an object feels on its surface when you touch it
Twentieth Century a period of art history 1900-2000, artists felt the freedom to move away from the physical world as their subjects and paint what they felt or imagined, whether it was recognizable to viewers or not
Warm Colors colors such as red, yellow,orange that we associate with warm temperatures
Created by: dlawrence323