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vital signs


What is homeostasis? A state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems to change in either the internal or external environment.
What are vital signs? Assessments of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature; body functions essential to life.
What is a pulse? a quantitative measurement of the heartbeat using the fingers to palpate an artery or a stethoscope to listen to the heartbeat.
What are veins? tubes that carry blood to the heart
What are arteries? Carries blood away from the heart
What does a rapid weak pulse indicate? Shock, bleeding, diabetic coma, or heat exhaustion.
What does a rapid strong pulse indicate? Heat stroke, severe fright, hypertension
What does a strong slow pulse indicate? Skull fracture or a stroke.
What does no pulse indicate? cardiac arrest or death
What is a normal pulse? 60-100 beats per minute (average is 70-80 bpm)
What is tachycardia? More than 100 bpm
What is Bradycardia? Less than 60 bpm
What is a trained athletes pulse? 50 to 60 bpm
What are two descriptions used for the quality of a pulse. Define. Thread- weak and rapid, and Bounding- usually strong or full
What are two descriptions used for the rhythm of a pulse? regular or irregular.
What is a respiration? Breathing; the process of bringing oxygen into the body (for cells to use) And expelling CO2 from the body (waste products of cells) -provides cells with energy required to perform specific Functions.
How many respirations are normal for a 15yr old and older. 15-20 breathes per minute
How many respirations are normal for a well trained athlete? 6 to 8 breathes per minute
What is blood pressure? The pressure exerted by the circulating blood against the walls of the arteries
What is systolic pressure? Systolic pressure is the top number in a blood pressure reading. It reflects the blood pressure when the heart contracts. Heart is pushing.
What is diastolic pressure? Diastolic pressure reflects the blood pressure when the heart is at rest and is recorded as the bottom number
What is a normal BP range for systolic and diastolic pressures? Normal systolic range-top number is 100 mm Hg to 140 mm Hg and Normal diastolic range-bottom number 65 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
What does low blood pressure indicate? Hypotension-may indicate shock, dehydration, or internal injury
What does high blood pressure indicate? Hypertension- dangerous precursor to cardiac problems and strokes
How does exercise affect your BP? Blood Pressure initially increases during exercise but exercise will lower BP overall
What equipment do you use to take a blood pressure? Sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope
What is your core temperature? Internal body temperature
What is normal body temperature? 98.6 F or 37 C
What is Hyperthermia? body temperature over 105 F.
what is hypothermia? body temperature under 90 F.
what are the three types of thermometers. Oral, rectal, or tympanic thermometer.
Created by: hcps-brooksjt1